Human Biology Final Exam Review

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Chapter 1
Classification of living things
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Terms in this set (46)
Eukaryote = true nucleus
Prokaryote = No nucleus
Plasma membrane = outer covering of cell
cytoplasm = everything inside besides nucleus
organelles = cary out functions such as digestion nutrients.
Golgi apparatus = refines packages and ships macromolecule products
Ribosomes= site of protein synthesis
Lysosomes = digests damaged organelles and cellular debris.
Peroxisome= destroys cellular toxic waste.
Mitochondrion = Produces energy for cell.
Sheet of cells that lines or covers various space/surfaces and body cavities.
simple and statiffied
Simple Squamous: Lines blood vessels, air sacs lungs.
Simple Cuboidal: Lines kidneys, Secretes, reabsorbs water/small molecules.
Simple Columnar: Lines most digestives organs, absorbs nutrients/produces mucus.
Stratified Squamous: Outer layer of skin, mouth, vagina. abrasion, infection.
Stratified Cuboidal: Lines ducts sweat glands secretes water.
Stratified Columnar: Mammary glads, larynx, secretes mucus.
Fibrous: Connective tissues
Loose: Surround internal organs, blood vessels.
Dense: Tendons, ligaments
Elastic: Stretches hollow organs
Reticular Lymphoid: internal framework for liver, spleen, tonsils, lymph glands.
Cartilage: Primarily collagen, fibers in ground substance containing water. (Resistance, compression)
Bone: Hard mineral deposits of calcium and phosphate. (Very strong)
Blood: Blood cells, platelets and blood fluid called plasma (Transports materials, helps defense mechanisms).
Adipose tissue: Filled with fat deposits. (Stores energy)
Integumentary System: Protects form injury, infection, dehydration. Temp control, receive sensory input.
Skeletal System: Protects, supports. produces blood cells/minerals
Muscular system: Produce movement/resists movement. Generates heat.
Nervous System: Detects external/internal stimuli
rapid responses to stimuli
Endocrine System: provides body with water, nutrients. Liver synthesizes some proteins lipids + inactivates chemicals like: hormones, drugs, poison.
Circulatory System: Transports materials from cells. Control Temp, helps defense against disease/injury.
Lymphatic System: Return excess tissue fluid to circulatory system.
Respiratory System: Exchanges gases (oxygen/carbon dioxide) between air/blood. Production of sound (Voice).
Urinary System: Maintains volume/ composition body fluids. Excretes wastes.