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Cotton Kingdom

Term for the South that emphasized its economic dependence on a
single staple product.

West African Squadron

British naval unit that seized hundreds of slave ships in the process of
suppressing the illegal slave trade in the early 1800s.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

Harriet Beecher Stowe's powerful 1852 novel that focused on slavery's
cruel effects in separating Black family members from one another.

black belt

The fertile region of the Deep South, stretching across Alabama,
Mississippi, and Louisiana, where the large concentration of Black
slaves worked on rich cotton plantations


Spanish slave ship, seized by revolting African slaves, that led to a
dramatic U.S. Supreme Court case that freed the slaves.

American Slavery As It Is

. Theodore Dwight Weld's powerful antislavery book.

American Colonization Society

Organization founded in 1817 to transport American blacks back to


African republic founded by freed American slaves in 1822

Lane Rebels

The group of theology students, led by Theodore Dwight Weld, who
were expelled from their seminary for abolitionist activity and later became preachers of the antislavery gospel.

The Liberator

William Lloyd Garrison's fervent abolitionist newspaper that preached
an immediate end to slavery.

American Antislavery Society

Garrisonian abolitionist organization, founded in 1833, that included
the eloquent Wendell Phillips among its leaders.

Gag Resolution

Strict rule passed by prosouthern congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all
discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives.

Mason-Dixon Line

The line across the southern boundary of Pennsylvania that formed
the boundary between free states and slave states in the East.

free soilers

Northern antislavery politicians, like Abraham Lincoln, who rejected
radical abolitionism but sought to prohibit the expansion of slavery in the western territories.

Eli Whitney

Inventor of a machine for extracting seed from cotton
that revolutionized the Southern economy

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Author of an abolitionist novel that portrayed the
separation of slave families by auction

Nat Turner

Visionary black preacher whose bloody slave rebellion
in 1831 tightened the reins of slavery in the South.

William Wilberforce

British evangelical Christian reformer who in 1833
achieved the emancipation of slaves in the British West

Theodore Dwight Weld

Leader of the "Lane Rebels" who wrote the powerful
antislavery work American Slavery As It Is

Wendell Phillips

New England patrician and Garrison follower whose
eloquent attacks on slavery earned him the title
"abolition's golden trumpet"

Denmark Vesey

Free Black whose failed attempt to lead a slave revolt in
Charleston, South Carolina, led to the execution of more
than thirty of his followers

William Lloyd Garrison

Leading radical abolitionist who burned the
Constitution as "a covenant with death and an agreement
with Hell."

David Walker

Black abolitionist writer who called for a bloody end to
slavery in an appeal of 1829.

Sojourner Truth

New York free black woman who fought for
emancipation and women's rights.

Martin Delaney

Black abolitionist who visited West Africa in
1859 to examine sites where African-
Americans might relocate.

Frederick Douglass

Escaped slave and great black abolitionist who fought to
end slavery through political action.

Lewis Tappan

Wealthy New York abolitionist merchant whose home
was demolished by a mob in 1834.

John Quincy Adams

Former president who won the Amistad rebellious slaves'
freedom and fought for the right to discuss slavery in

Elijah Lovejoy

Illinois editor whose death at the hands of a mob made
him an abolitionist martyr.

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