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29 terms

Chapter 16

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Cotton Kingdom
Term for the South that emphasized its economic dependence on a
single staple product.
West African Squadron
British naval unit that seized hundreds of slave ships in the process of
suppressing the illegal slave trade in the early 1800s.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe's powerful 1852 novel that focused on slavery's
cruel effects in separating Black family members from one another.
black belt
The fertile region of the Deep South, stretching across Alabama,
Mississippi, and Louisiana, where the large concentration of Black
slaves worked on rich cotton plantations
Amistad
Spanish slave ship, seized by revolting African slaves, that led to a
dramatic U.S. Supreme Court case that freed the slaves.
American Slavery As It Is
. Theodore Dwight Weld's powerful antislavery book.
American Colonization Society
Organization founded in 1817 to transport American blacks back to
Africa.
Liberia
African republic founded by freed American slaves in 1822
Lane Rebels
The group of theology students, led by Theodore Dwight Weld, who
were expelled from their seminary for abolitionist activity and later became preachers of the antislavery gospel.
The Liberator
William Lloyd Garrison's fervent abolitionist newspaper that preached
an immediate end to slavery.
American Antislavery Society
Garrisonian abolitionist organization, founded in 1833, that included
the eloquent Wendell Phillips among its leaders.
Gag Resolution
Strict rule passed by prosouthern congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all
discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives.
Mason-Dixon Line
The line across the southern boundary of Pennsylvania that formed
the boundary between free states and slave states in the East.
free soilers
Northern antislavery politicians, like Abraham Lincoln, who rejected
radical abolitionism but sought to prohibit the expansion of slavery in the western territories.
Eli Whitney
Inventor of a machine for extracting seed from cotton
that revolutionized the Southern economy
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of an abolitionist novel that portrayed the
separation of slave families by auction
Nat Turner
Visionary black preacher whose bloody slave rebellion
in 1831 tightened the reins of slavery in the South.
William Wilberforce
British evangelical Christian reformer who in 1833
achieved the emancipation of slaves in the British West
Indies
Theodore Dwight Weld
Leader of the "Lane Rebels" who wrote the powerful
antislavery work American Slavery As It Is
Wendell Phillips
New England patrician and Garrison follower whose
eloquent attacks on slavery earned him the title
"abolition's golden trumpet"
Denmark Vesey
Free Black whose failed attempt to lead a slave revolt in
Charleston, South Carolina, led to the execution of more
than thirty of his followers
William Lloyd Garrison
Leading radical abolitionist who burned the
Constitution as "a covenant with death and an agreement
with Hell."
David Walker
Black abolitionist writer who called for a bloody end to
slavery in an appeal of 1829.
Sojourner Truth
New York free black woman who fought for
emancipation and women's rights.
Martin Delaney
Black abolitionist who visited West Africa in
1859 to examine sites where African-
Americans might relocate.
Frederick Douglass
Escaped slave and great black abolitionist who fought to
end slavery through political action.
Lewis Tappan
Wealthy New York abolitionist merchant whose home
was demolished by a mob in 1834.
John Quincy Adams
Former president who won the Amistad rebellious slaves'
freedom and fought for the right to discuss slavery in
Congress.
Elijah Lovejoy
Illinois editor whose death at the hands of a mob made
him an abolitionist martyr.