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Substance Abuse Chapter 3 Study Questions
Terms in this set (34)
In the early 1800s, _____________ was the medical doctor's most reliable and effective medicine that was used for a variety of conditions, but mainly for pain relief.
One concern that led to the initial passage of federal drug-control legislation in 1906 was
In the early 1900s in the U.S., fears about opium and cocaine were closely linked to
minority racial groups
The 1906 U.S. law that prohibited interstate commerce in adulterated or misbranded foods and drugs was called the
Pure Food and Drugs Act.
The Harrison Act of 1914 required
Pharmacists and physicians to register and pay a tax to dispense certain drugs.
The Pure Food and Drugs Act and the Harrison Act were originally administered by the U.S. _________
Agriculture and Treasury Departments.
When the Pure Food and Drugs Act was first passed, drugs were legally required to be
Pure and accurately labeled.
Important changes to the regulation of drugs by the Food and Drug Administration occurred in 1938 and 1962, largely in response to
The Elixir Sulfanilamide poisonings and birth defects from thalidomide.
Before the FDA approves an IND for human testing of a new drug
The drug has been tested in at least two species of nonhuman animals.
Before a new drug is released to the market, the FDA requires
Three phases of clinical testing, with each phase involving more people.
In any given year, about ___ drug compounds are studied and about ___ will be approved by the FDA.
The single most important legislation that has shaped the federal government's approach to controlled substances was
Alcohol prohibition (the 18th Amendment).
The Marijuana Tax Act was passed in
According to the text, which of the following most accurately describes the recent drug laws in Portugal?
Possession for personal use of all drugs is decriminalized.
The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970
Established schedules of controlled substances and moved enforcement to the Justice Department.
Substances with high abuse potential and no currently accepted medical use are listed in
According to current federal law, a fine of up to $10,000 and loss of all federal privileges (including student loans and grants) can result from conviction
For possession of marijuana or any controlled substance.
From the 1920s to the 1970s, about 1 out of 1,000 Americans was in prison at any point in time. Due largely to changes in drug laws and drug enforcement, that rate has now
Increased to 5 per 1,000.
The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that it is legal to use urine tests to screen students in public high schools for drug use if
They are involved in extracurricular activities.
Compared to urine samples, hair samples
Can detect drug use for up to 90 days.
According to the text, what drug issue is currently at the center of a conflict between state and federal laws?
marijuana for medical use
The U.S. federal government's budget for "drug control"
about $26 billion
One example where the U.S. interest in international drug control has conflicted with national security issues is
Opium growing in Afghanistan.
An economic study of U.S. efforts to eradicate coca fields in South America indicated
That even if we produced massive disruption of one country's supply, market forces would replace the supply within 2 years.
It is estimated that ___ percent of the illegal drug supply is seized by federal agencies each year.
TRUE-FALSE The period between 1890 and 1920 in the U.S. was characterized partly by being a low point in race relations
TRUE-FALSE The 1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act required drug manufacturers to prove that their drugs were an effective treatment for some diseases.
TRUE-FALSE The Harrison Act of 1914 made it illegal to possess or use heroin or marijuana.
TRUE-FALSE The FDA requires that a drug company report to them on the results of three phases of human testing before they will approve a new drug to be sold as a prescription medicine.
TRUE-FALSE A drug that does have an approved medical use but has a high potential for abuse would be listed on Schedule II.
TRUE-FALSE Despite their potential medical benefits both marijuana and methamphetamine are schedule 1 drugs.
TRUE-FALSE According to the text, current drug laws are effective in the sense that they drive up the prices of illicit drugs.
TRUE-FALSE The year is 1900 a new drug has been marketed as a "blood energizer that will cure many ailments" with a label that accurately lists its ingredients. It has not been proven to be safe or effective. According to the laws of the time, this product is legal.
TRUE-FALSE Precursors refer to substances like pseudo-ephedrine that can be chemically altered to make a controlled substance.
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