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50 terms

Chapter 13 Urinary System

NUR 101 terminology
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Urinary system organs
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary bladder
Urethra
nephron
kidney
nephr/o
kidney
nephron
filtration unit of the kidney
ren
kidney
ur; urin; uria; uria
urine
ureter
tube that conneccts each kidney to the urinary bladder
ur/o
urinary system
nephrologist
specialist for the kidneys
urologist
specialist in the whole urinary system
renal cell carcinoma
form of kidney cancer; treatment is nephrectomy
Wilms tumor
happens in children
pyelonephritis
renal pelvis and kidney inflammation
nephritis
kidney inflammation
acute renal failure (AFR)
functioning at 10%, makes the kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from the blood
Chronic renal failure
a.k.a. chronic kidney disease. gradual loss of renal function
end-stage renal disease
the kidneys are functioning at less than 10% of their normal capacity. dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.
urinary tract infection
infection occurs when bacteria invade (E.coli) and multiply in the urinary tract through the urethra. connected with pyelonephritis
di-
complete
-esis
condition
diuresis
production of a large volume urine
hematuria
blood in the urine
pyelogram
x-ray image of the renal pelvis and ureters
dialysis
artificial method of filtration of remove excess waste material and water from the body
hemodialysis
artificial method of filtration to remove excess waste materials and water directly from the blood
peritoneal dialysis
uses a dialysis solution that is infused into and drained out of the abdominal cavity through a small, flexible, implanted catheter
anuria
condition with the absense of urine production
oliguria
scanty production of urine
nocturia
excessive urination at night
dysuria
difficulty or pain with urination
Kidney stones
being as a grain, usually of a mineral. As more material accumulates, a small stone is formed. the stones can occlude the ureter. small stones can pass to the outside from the ureter or bladder upon urination.
lithotripsy
crushing stones by soundwaves
nephrolithiasis
presence of a kidney stone
KUB
x-ray of abdomen to show kidneys, ureters, and bladder
cystoscope
endoscope inserted to view the inside of the bladder
urinary bladder
hollow, muscular organ
urethra
a thin-walled tube, takes urine from the bladder to the outside
internal urethral sphincter
holds urine in the bladder and is an involuntary sphincter
external urethral sphincter
provides voluntary control of urination
external urinary meatus
opening of the urethra to the outside, same for both female and male
enuresis
involuntary bed-wetting
micturition
act of passing urine, aka Urination & Void
Urinary incontinence
loss of bladder control
Urinary retention
abnormal, involuntary holding of urine in the bladder
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
urethritis
inflammation of the urethra
glycosuria
presence of glucose in urine
proteinuria
presence of protein in urine
cyst-
bladder