Urinary system organs
filtration unit of the kidney
ur; urin; uria; uria
tube that conneccts each kidney to the urinary bladder
specialist for the kidneys
specialist in the whole urinary system
renal cell carcinoma
form of kidney cancer; treatment is nephrectomy
happens in children
renal pelvis and kidney inflammation
acute renal failure (AFR)
functioning at 10%, makes the kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from the blood
Chronic renal failure
a.k.a. chronic kidney disease. gradual loss of renal function
end-stage renal disease
the kidneys are functioning at less than 10% of their normal capacity. dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.
urinary tract infection
infection occurs when bacteria invade (E.coli) and multiply in the urinary tract through the urethra. connected with pyelonephritis
production of a large volume urine
blood in the urine
x-ray image of the renal pelvis and ureters
artificial method of filtration of remove excess waste material and water from the body
artificial method of filtration to remove excess waste materials and water directly from the blood
uses a dialysis solution that is infused into and drained out of the abdominal cavity through a small, flexible, implanted catheter
condition with the absense of urine production
scanty production of urine
excessive urination at night
difficulty or pain with urination
being as a grain, usually of a mineral. As more material accumulates, a small stone is formed. the stones can occlude the ureter. small stones can pass to the outside from the ureter or bladder upon urination.
crushing stones by soundwaves
presence of a kidney stone
x-ray of abdomen to show kidneys, ureters, and bladder
endoscope inserted to view the inside of the bladder
hollow, muscular organ
a thin-walled tube, takes urine from the bladder to the outside
internal urethral sphincter
holds urine in the bladder and is an involuntary sphincter
external urethral sphincter
provides voluntary control of urination
external urinary meatus
opening of the urethra to the outside, same for both female and male
act of passing urine, aka Urination & Void
loss of bladder control
abnormal, involuntary holding of urine in the bladder
inflammation of the urinary bladder
inflammation of the renal pelvis
inflammation of the urethra
presence of glucose in urine
presence of protein in urine
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