Ch. 16 Hunger and Sustainability
Terms in this set (43)
acute food crisis- what can lead to starvation
famines, natural disasters, and wars
severe food shortage
effects of acute food crisis ($)
disrupts food production, distribution, sale and food relief assistance
hunger occurring when enough food exists but cannot be obtained
causes of food poverty
lack of money, political reasons, country at war, lack of transportation
what percent goes to food (income)
spend 80% of their earnings on food
spiral of malnutrition
increase in infection, rise of death rate, hampers physical development of children, impedes cognitive development
hunger in the US
50 million people and 17 million adults may be food insecure, college students may be the hungriest of all
not knowing there your next meal is coming from or when it will come
highest rate of obesity are associated with low income, food insecurity and low education levels
people that are food insecure eat
increases calories for decreased cost, low quality fast food or highly processed food, few fruits or vegetables
US health data
2/3 of US adults are overweight or obese, childhood obesity has tripled since 1980
nutrient deficient for malnutrition
iron, calcium, potassium, folate, vitamin D, protein
nutrient excess in malnutrition
calories, sugar, sodium, saturated fat
nutrient imbalance increased in malnutrition
sodium, sugar and refined grains, saturated fat and trans fat
nutrient imbalance descreased in malntrition
potassium, whole grains and fiber, omega 3 fats
farm subsidies out dated
price of fruit and vegetables increased 40% since 1980, processed food has decreased 40%
non-government food assistance
collect and distribute food that would go to waste, distribution programs
challenges to nutrition
poorly educated about nutrition, unsafe neighborhoods decrease physical activity, less access to quality health care
have enough grain to supply the world for several months, but in the future the population will outgrown the food production
each month world adds 8 million people
three ways that the UN sustains food security for the population
controlling the population growth, reducing poverty and improving food distribution, doubling food production, protecting the evironment
overpopulation and hunger
developing countries poverty and hunger drive people to bear more children for security
improving health care, education, and family planning
the challenges of food production
global climate change, loss of top soil, lack of water, pollution, lot of plant and animal diversity
changes of developed countries
way of producing food is not sustainable, nutritious food grown to protect land, air and local biodiversity
living more sustainable
drive less, choose food lower on the food chain, eat smaller amounts and smaller creatures, eat from local farms
Very low food security
households that report multiple indications of disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake. Low food security is defined as households that report reduced quality, variety, or desirability of diet but with little or no indication of reduced food intake.
Marginal food security is
defined as households that report one or two reported indications—typically of anxiety over food sufficiency or shortage of food in the house but with little or no indication of changes in diets or food intake.
Approximately ______ percent of households in the United States were food insecure in 2011.
14.9 %; 17.9 million households
Food insecurity vs. hunger
Food insecurity is a household-level economic and social condition of limited access to food, while hunger is an individual-level physiological condition that may result from food insecurity.
consequences of hunger
starvation, break down its own tissues for fuel, and even death.
food insecurity stats: households headed by a single woman (___ percent), Hispanic households (___ percent), Black, non-Hispanic households (___ percent), and households with children (___ percent).
36.8, 26.2, 25.1, 20.6. Least likely: married couples.
The most common cause of food insecurity in developed countries is
Food security is a problem in __________, ___________, _______________ nations
developed, developing, underdeveloped nations
genetic predisposition of impoverished individuals to being overweight or obese is a factor of obesity (T/F?)
The leading cause of severe food shortages in developing and least-developed countries is:
Pregnant and lactating women, infants, children, the critically ill, and older adults are all at increased risk for ____________ due to their high nutrient needs or because they have a reduced ability to process nutrients.
The most common nutritional disorder worldwide is _____ deficiency.
The federal food assistance program that provides nutritious meals to low-income children and senior adults who receive day care or adult care outside the home is the:
Child and Adult Care Food Program
The proper use of irrigation can increase crop yield by ______.
More than one-third of the households that experience poverty and food insecurity are:
single women households
The World Health Organization estimates that more than ________of all childhood deaths in developing countries are associated with chronic hunger and malnutrition.