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AP HuG Baron's Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (46)
Te adoption of cultural traits, like language, by one group under the influence of another.
Most prevalent in Africa and the Americas with doctrine in which the world is seen as being infused with spiritual and even supernatural powers.
Any item that represents a material aspect of culture.
System of beliefs that seek o explain ultimate realities for all people-such as nature of suffering and path towards self-realization.
System in India that gives every Indian a particular place in social hierarchy from birth. Individuals can improve the position they inherit in the caste system in their next life through their actions, or karma. After many lives of good karma, they may be relieved from cycle of life and win their place in heaven.
The world's most widespread religion. Christianity is a monotheistic, universal religion that uses missionaries to expand its members worldwide. The three major categories are Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodoxy.
a pidgin language that evolves to the point at which it becomes the primary language of the people who speak it.
The group of traits the define a particular culture.
Obliteration of an entire culture by war, disease, acculturation, or a combination of the three.
The subfield of human geography that looks at how cultures vary over space.
Locations on earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.
The dominance of one culture over another.
The specific customs that are part of everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.
A total way of life held in common by a group of people, including learned features such as language, ideology, behavior, technology, and government.
Practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group.
A particular religious group, usually associated with differing Protestant belief systems.
People who come from a common ethnic background but who live in different regions outside of the home of their country.
A constructed international auxiliary language incorporating aspects of numerous linguistic traditions to create a universal means of communication.
An area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background.
Refers to a group of people who share a common identity.
Religion in which an effort is made to spread a particular belief system.
A constellation of cultural practices that form the sights, smells, sounds, and rituals of everyday existence in the traditional societies in which they developed.
A segregated ethnic area within a city.
Religion in which members are numerous and widespread and their doctrines might appeal to different people from any region of the globe.
A cohesive and unique society, most prevalent in India, that integrates spiritual beliefs with daily practices and official institutions such as the caste system.
Language family including the Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world's people.
A monotheistic religion based on the beliefs that there is one God, Allah, and that Muhammad was Allah's prophet. Islam is based in the ancient city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the birthplace of Muhammad.
Geographical boundary lines where different linguistic features meet
The first major monotheistic religion. It is based on a sense of ethnic identity, and its adherents tend to form tight-knit communities wherever they live.
This occurs when a language is no longer in use by any living people. Thousands of languages have become extinct over the eons since language first developed, but the process of language extinction has accelerated greatly during the past 300 years.
A collection of many languages, all of which came from the same original tongue long ago, that have since evolved different characteristics.
A set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics.
A set of common experiences or customs that shapes the identity of a place and the people who live there. Local cultures are often subjects of preservation or economic development efforts.
Religion that are spiritually bound to particular regions.
A racial or ethnic group smaller than and differing from the majority race or ethnicity in a particular area or region.
A person of a particular faith that travels in order to recruit new members into the faith.
Language that may develop when two groups of people with different languages meet. The pidgin has some characteristics of each language.
A multilingual state.
Pop (popular) culture
Dynamic culture based in large, heterogeneous societies permitting considerable individualism, innovation, and change; having a money-based economy, division of labor into professions, secular institutions of control, and weak interpersonal ties; and producing and consuming machine-made goods.
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics.
The single person who takes on the roles of priest, counselor, and physician and acts as a conduit to the supernatural world in a shamanistic culture.
Language area that spreads through most of Southeast Asia and China and is comprised of Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean.
Traditions that borrow from both the past and present
Place name given to certain features on the land such as settlements terrain features, and streams.
A cohesive collection of customs within a cultural group.
The expansion of cultural traits through diffusion, adoption, and other related processes.