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Method of laying out towns at the crossing of two roads with the public buildings at the center of a grid pattern. Taught by the Etruscans to the Romans
a heavy wedge shaped stone at the top of a compression arch, holds the other stones in place
a tall arched ceiling running in one direction, can be described as a series of compression arches
a large roofed hall used by the early Romans as a public building, its plan would become the basis for most Christian Churches
a recessed area separated from the nave by the transept, often had a vaulted or semi-dome ceiling. Was used as a sanctuary in later churches
Sacred place in a temple, in Roman and Christian temples it was usually located in the apse.
building plan set about a single axis, causing the building to be experienced in successive parts
practice of creating sunken panels into a surface often repeated to cover a ceiling
Latin for "eye" refers to a round opening or window in a building, specifically the whole at the top of the Pantheon
Roman engineering structures that carried water from its source in mountains to the towns using hydrostatic pressure
Central Areas for performance surrounded by ascending seating. Built into hillsides by the Greeks, built up mulitple stories by the Romans
An open colonnaded porch surrounding a roofless court that often contained an interior garden
a building material with great compressive strength that can be shaped into almost any form. Made up primarily of cement, gravel, sand and water
Latin for "bridge builder" became a title for Roman priests and later the title of the Pope of the Christian Church
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