37 terms

Exam II: Architectural History

Greece, Romans, Etruscans
She Wolf
An etruscan sculpture of a wolf, adopted by the Romans as the Capitaline Wolf
A structure for internment or burial, built underground by the Etruscans
a sealed burial container for the human body
Bones box
a smaller container meant only for the disassembled bones
Full Figure
a container meant for an entire intact human form
Town Planning
Method of laying out towns at the crossing of two roads with the public buildings at the center of a grid pattern. Taught by the Etruscans to the Romans
Drainage System
Sewers built below ground to provide drainage, taught by Etruscans to Romans
a heavy wedge shaped stone at the top of a compression arch, holds the other stones in place
a wedged stone used in the sides of a compression arch to form its curve
Barrel Vault
a tall arched ceiling running in one direction, can be described as a series of compression arches
Groin Vault
the intersection of two barrel vaults
a compression arch spun in a circle to form an enclosed round structure
a semi circular space covered by a partial dome set into a buildings facade
a large roofed hall used by the early Romans as a public building, its plan would become the basis for most Christian Churches
Central aisle of a basilica or church
Side Aisle
aisles running parallel to, but separated from the nave by a colonnade
Windows high up in a structure
an area in a basilica or church set crosswise to the nave
a recessed area separated from the nave by the transept, often had a vaulted or semi-dome ceiling. Was used as a sanctuary in later churches
Sacred place in a temple, in Roman and Christian temples it was usually located in the apse.
Axial Plan
building plan set about a single axis, causing the building to be experienced in successive parts
a large open space within a building
Coffered ceiling
practice of creating sunken panels into a surface often repeated to cover a ceiling
Latin for "eye" refers to a round opening or window in a building, specifically the whole at the top of the Pantheon
An open public space at the center of a Roman Town
An upper class country house for Roman Citizens
Roman engineering structures that carried water from its source in mountains to the towns using hydrostatic pressure
Central Areas for performance surrounded by ascending seating. Built into hillsides by the Greeks, built up mulitple stories by the Romans
An atrium in a house with a sloped roof meant for catching and storing rain water
An open colonnaded porch surrounding a roofless court that often contained an interior garden
a building material with great compressive strength that can be shaped into almost any form. Made up primarily of cement, gravel, sand and water
Opus Cementum
Roman concrete made up of Lime, Volcanic ash, aggregate (usually rubble) and water
Believing in more than one God
Belief that there exists only one God
Idea of truth in form that applied to Roman art and sculpture
Latin for "bridge builder" became a title for Roman priests and later the title of the Pope of the Christian Church
Volcano that erupted in 79 A.D. and covered Pompeii in ash