How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

37 terms

Exam II: Architectural History

Greece, Romans, Etruscans
STUDY
PLAY
She Wolf
An etruscan sculpture of a wolf, adopted by the Romans as the Capitaline Wolf
Mausoleum
A structure for internment or burial, built underground by the Etruscans
Sarcophagus
a sealed burial container for the human body
Bones box
a smaller container meant only for the disassembled bones
Full Figure
a container meant for an entire intact human form
Town Planning
Method of laying out towns at the crossing of two roads with the public buildings at the center of a grid pattern. Taught by the Etruscans to the Romans
Drainage System
Sewers built below ground to provide drainage, taught by Etruscans to Romans
Keystone
a heavy wedge shaped stone at the top of a compression arch, holds the other stones in place
Voussoir
a wedged stone used in the sides of a compression arch to form its curve
Barrel Vault
a tall arched ceiling running in one direction, can be described as a series of compression arches
Groin Vault
the intersection of two barrel vaults
Dome
a compression arch spun in a circle to form an enclosed round structure
Exedra
a semi circular space covered by a partial dome set into a buildings facade
Basilica
a large roofed hall used by the early Romans as a public building, its plan would become the basis for most Christian Churches
Nave
Central aisle of a basilica or church
Side Aisle
aisles running parallel to, but separated from the nave by a colonnade
Clerestory
Windows high up in a structure
Transept
an area in a basilica or church set crosswise to the nave
Apse
a recessed area separated from the nave by the transept, often had a vaulted or semi-dome ceiling. Was used as a sanctuary in later churches
Sanctuary
Sacred place in a temple, in Roman and Christian temples it was usually located in the apse.
Axial Plan
building plan set about a single axis, causing the building to be experienced in successive parts
Atrium
a large open space within a building
Coffered ceiling
practice of creating sunken panels into a surface often repeated to cover a ceiling
Oculus
Latin for "eye" refers to a round opening or window in a building, specifically the whole at the top of the Pantheon
Forum
An open public space at the center of a Roman Town
Villa
An upper class country house for Roman Citizens
Aqueduct
Roman engineering structures that carried water from its source in mountains to the towns using hydrostatic pressure
Ampitheater
Central Areas for performance surrounded by ascending seating. Built into hillsides by the Greeks, built up mulitple stories by the Romans
Impluvium
An atrium in a house with a sloped roof meant for catching and storing rain water
Peristyle
An open colonnaded porch surrounding a roofless court that often contained an interior garden
Concrete
a building material with great compressive strength that can be shaped into almost any form. Made up primarily of cement, gravel, sand and water
Opus Cementum
Roman concrete made up of Lime, Volcanic ash, aggregate (usually rubble) and water
Polytheistic
Believing in more than one God
Monotheistic
Belief that there exists only one God
Verism
Idea of truth in form that applied to Roman art and sculpture
Pontiff
Latin for "bridge builder" became a title for Roman priests and later the title of the Pope of the Christian Church
Vesuvius
Volcano that erupted in 79 A.D. and covered Pompeii in ash