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Medical Terminology Basic Ch 6

The Respiratory System
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Nasal
Means pertaining to the nose
Cavity
Means space
The nares
Is the space inside the nose
Septum
The partition that divides the nares is known as:
nas/o or rhin/o
is a combining form meaning nasal cavity.
gastric
is a root word meaning stomach
Nasogastric
Medical word meaning related to nose and stomach.
-rrhagia
is a suffix meaning bursting of blood (bleeding or hemorrhaging)
Rhinorrhagia
Medical term meaning bursting forth of blood from the nose (nosebleed)
-rrhea
means discharge or flow
Rhinorrhea
Medical term meaning discharge of the nose.
Rhinitis
Is the inflammation of the nose
Sinusitis
is inflammation of the sinus.
sinus/o
combining form meaning hollow space or cavity of the nose.
Rhinostenosis
is the condition of a narrowed nasal passage.
sten/o
is a combining form meaning narrowing.
-stenosis
is a suffix meaning the condition of narrowing.
-plasty
Is a suffix meaning surgical repair.
Rhinoplasty
Is a plastic surgery of the nose.
Pharynx
The combined space behind the nasal cavity, the mouth, and the throat is the:
Pharyngitis
Is the inflammation of the throat pharynx.
pharyng/o
is a combining form meaning pharynx.
-pathy
is a suffix meaning disease.
Pharyngopathy
Is a term referring to any disease to the pharynx.
Nasopharyngeal
means pertaining to the nose and pharynx.
Larynx
Vocal cords are housed in a voice organ known as the:
Laryngitis
is the inflammation of the larynx.
laryng/o
is a combining form meaning larynx.
Laryngotracheobronchitis
is the inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi.
Laryngoplasty
Is a surgical repair of a tear in the larynx.
Trachea
Medical term for windpipe.
trache/o
is a combining form meaning trachea
-tomy
is suffix meaning pharynx.
-stomy
is a suffix referring to the making of an opening in a body wall.
Tracheotomy
Medical term meaning incision of the trachea.
Tracheostomy
Medical term meaning to form a new opening into the trachea.
Tracheopharyngotomy
is an incision into the trachea and the larynx.
Endotracheal
means inside the trachea or windpipe.
endo-
is a prefix meaning within.
Bronchitis
Is the condition of inflamed bronchi.
Bronchioles
Each branch of an Y or bronchus is divided into small branches as:
Bronchospasm
Is contraction of the muscles of the bronchi of the lungs.
bronch/o
is a combining form referring to the bronchus or bronchi.
-spasm
is a suffix meaning muscle contraction.
pne/o or -pnea
is combining form and suffix meaning breathing.
pneu/o
is combining form meaning air.
pneumon/o
is combining form meaning lungs.
Pneumoconiosis
Is a lung disease caused by an excessive inhaling of dust.
conis
is a word root meaning dust
coni/o
is a combining form meaning dust.
Pneumonectomy
Medical term meaning to excise a lung.
Pneumopathy
Medical term meaning disease of the lungs.
Pneumonia or Pneumonitis
Medical term meaning very serious inflammation of the lungs.
pleura
is a word root meaning the membrane lining the lungs and related organs.
pleur/o
is the combining form meaning the membrane lining the lungs.
-itis or -isy
are two suffixes meaning inflammation.
Pleuritis
Medical term meaning inflammation of the pleura.
Visceral pleura
is the inner membrane lining the lungs.
Parietal pleura
is the outer membrane lining the walls of the thoratic (chest) cavity.
COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COLD
Chronic obstructive lung disease
Mycosis
condition or disease caused by a fungus
Coccidioidomycosis
respiratory infection caused by the inhalation of a fungus spore
coccidioid/o
combining form referring to fungus Coccidioides immitis
pneumon/o
combining form meaning the lungs
Pneumonomycosis
respiratory infection of the lungs caused by a fungus
myc/o
is a combining form meaning fungus.
coccidioid/o
is a combining form referring to the fungus coccidioides immitis.
mycosis
is a word meaning disease caused by a fungus.
Laryngomyscosis
Medical term meaning a fungal disease of the larynx.
Pharyngomycosis
Medical term meaning a fungal disease of the pharynx.
Diptheria
is the clinical condition of fever , pain, and a specific infection of the nose and throat membrane.
Hemothorax
is blood in the pleural thoracic cavity.
hemo-
is a prefix meaning blood.
thorac/o
is a combining form meaning chest
Thoracotomy
Medical term meaning an incision in the chest.
Histoplasmosis
is a fungal infection of the lungs.
plasm/o
is a combining form meaning liquid part of the blood.
histo-
is a prefix meaning tissue.
Influenza
is the clinical condition when the respiratory tract suffers an acute infection from a virus.
Pertussis
Medical term for whooping cough.
per-
is a prefix meaning through.
tussis
is a root word meaning cough.
tubercul/o
is combining form referring to the microorganism Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Asphyxiation
Medical term for suffocation.
Asthma
is a condition marked by recurrent attacks of spasms and swelling of airway, with wheezing, usually caused by allergy.
atelectasis
an incomplete expansion of the lungs at birth or collapse of the adult lung.
atel/o
is a combining form meaning imperfect
-ectasis
is a suffix meaning expansion.
Bronchiectasis
is a chronic dilation (or expansion) of one or more bronchi or branch of the respiratory tract.
tachy-
means fast
brady-
means slow
a-
means without or none
Thoracocentesis
is a surgical puncture of the chest for removal of fluid.
Spirometer
is an instrument used to measure volume of air.
Laryngoscope
is an instrument used to examine the larynx.
-meter
is a suffix meaning an instrument used to measure.
spir/o
is a combining from meaning breathe.
Cyanosis
is bluish skin due to a lack of oxygen
cyan/o
is a combining form meaning blue.
Expectoration
is the expulsion of mucus or phlegm from the throat or lungs.
expectorant
The substance than can facilitate the expulsion of mucus from the throat or lungs.
-sptysis
is a suffix meaning spitting.
Hemosptysis
is the spitting of blood.
Dyspnea
Is breathing difficulty
eu-
is a prefix meaning good or normal
Eupnea
is normal breathing
Lobectomy
is the removal of part of the lung (a lobe)
lob/o
is a combining form referring to a lobe or defined part of an organ.
Orthopnea
is the condition of difficult breathing except in the upright, normal or straight position.
orth/o
is a combining from meaning upright, normal, or straight.
Percussion
(P) means striking.
Ausculation
(A) means listening for sounds.
steth/o
is a combining form meaning chest.
Perfusion
is the passage of a fluid through the blood vessels of a specific organ to supply nutrients and oxygen.
rales and rhonchi
Medical terms for the abnormal respiratory sound heard by a doctor during the chest examination.
Ventilator or respirator
is a device used to give oxygen or to improve breathing.
ABG(s)
arterial blood gas(es)
ARF
acute respiratory failure
CXR
chest x-ray
LLL
left lobe of the lung
Pao2
partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in the blood
PFT(s)
pulmonary function test(s)
R
respiration
RDS
respiratory distress signal
RUL
right upper lobe of the lung
TB
tuberculosis
TPR
temperature, pulse, and respiration.