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League of Nations
Terms in this set (145)
What did the Wilson want from the league?
A world parliament
What did France want from the league?
A strong organisation
What did Britain want from the league?
Simple emergency only organisation
What was the problem with Wilson?
Arrogant and idealist
Who would be in the driving seat of the league?
Reasons the USA did not join the league
German ancestors, casualties, American trade would suffer from sanctions, anti-empire
What did Wilson's political opposition see the league as?
Ideal opportunity to defeat him
Return to normalcy
When did the League of Nations open?
Aims of the league?
Aggression discouraged, Better living and working conditions, Co-operation, Disarmament
Permanent members of the council
Britain, France, Italy and Japan
The secretariat, heart of the league what powers did it have?
Kept records, prepared reports, covered health disarmament and economic problems
How often did the council meet?
About 5 times a year and in emergencies
What was the council for?
If there is a dispute members sort out through discussion
What powers did the council have?
Moral condemnation, military force, economic sanctions
Temporary members of the council
Elected every three years
What was the assembly?
What could the Assembly do?
Recommend action to the council, admit new members, the budget
How often did the Assembly meet?
Once a year
What power did the permanent members of the council have?
What were some of the League of Nations commissions?
The Slavery Commission, The Mandate Commission
What were some of the League of Nations committees?
The Refugees Committee, The Health Committee
What does the ILO stand for?
The International Labour Organisation
What was the aim if the ILO?
Improve working conditions
How often did the ILO meet?
Once a year
What does the PCIJ stand for?
The Permanent Court of International Justice
Where was the PCIJ based?
What did the PCIJ do?
Did the PCIJ have power?
No countries had to follow rulings
Why was the Conference of Ambassadors set up?
Deal with problems from postwar treaties
What was the first test for the League of Nations?
What happened in Vilna 1929?
Private Polish army invaded Lithuanian City
What did the league do for Upper Silesia in 1920?
Hold a plebiscite, sent troops
What did it do after the plebiscite was held in 1920?
Made arrangements for water and power supplies
Which country did the rural part of Upper Silesia want to be with?
What other event happened in 1921?
Who almost went to war over the Aaland Islands?
Sweden and Finland
What happened in 1923
Where is Corfu located
Border between Greece and Albania
What country was the members that got killed from the Conference of Ambassadors?
Italian General Tellini
What did Mussolini want from the Greek Government?
Compensation, murders executed
Mussolini killed how many people when occupying Greece Island of Corfu?
What did Greece do after the invasion if Corfu?
Appeal to the league
What did the events of Corfu mirror?
What did the league do to Italy after Corfu?
Condemned Mussolini's actions
What did Greece have to do?
Pay compensation held by the league till murderers found
Mussolini went behind the scenes and talked to the Conference of Ambassadors to change the ruling to...
Greeks apologise and pay
The Geneva Protocol
What was the Geneva Protocol for?
Strengthen the league
How did the Geneva Protocol strengthen the league?
Two members in dispute they would have to follow leagues judgement
A what else happened in 1924?
What happened in Memel 1924?
Lithuania took German City
what happened in Bulgaria 1925?
Greece was condemned for invading Bulgaria
Why did Greece invaded Bulgaria in 1925?
Greek soldiers were killed
What did Greece point out about the league?
What did the league do for transport?
International Highway Code
What did the league do for slavery
Freed 200,000 Sierra Leone slaves
What did the league do for Health
Fight malaria, yellow fever
What did the league do for refugees
400,000 prisoners of war returned
What did the league do for working conditions
48 hour week, limited child working hours
When was the disarmament conference in the 20s
1921 Washington conference
What was the treaty tha re-established German USSR relations
1922 Rapallo treaty
Under what plan did America provide Europe with loans
1924 Dawes Plan
Why were the Locarno treaties important?
Resolve left over ww1 problems
Why was the Locarno treaties especially important for German and France
Relations better the ever, Germany seems peace loving
What year were the Locarno treaties
When was Germany admitted into the League
What year was the Kellogg-Briand pact?
How many countries signed into the Kellogg-Briand pact?
What was the 1928 Kellogg-Briand pact?
Agreement to not use war to solve disputes
Failures of the league in year order during the 1920s
1920 Vilna, disarmament, 1923 Memel,
What naval ratio was agreed between USA, GB, Japan, France and Italy at the 1921 Washington Naval Conference?
5, 5, 3, 1.67, 1.67
Successes of the league in year order during the 1920s
1921 Upper Silesia, 1921 Aaland Islands, 1925 Bulgaria
How did the 1929 economic disaster effect the League of Nations?
Relations damaged, political changes, trade damaged,
How did the crash effect USA attitude towards the LoN
Unwilling to support economic sanctions
How did the crash effect Britain's attitude towards the LoN
Britain has high unemployment
How did the crash effect Frances attitude towards the LoN
Building frontier defences
How did the crash effect Japan's attitude towards the LoN
Economy threatened to collapse
How did the crash effect Italy's attitude towards the LoN
Economic problems encouraged empire building
Why was Japan a major in the 30s
Powerful army, strong industry, growing empire
What did China and America do that threatened Japanese economy?
What did the Japanese control post ww1
The South Manchurian Railway
What did the Japanese claim the Chinese did in 1931?
Sabotaged the railway
What did the Japanese do in response to the sabotaged railway?
Overran Manchuria and threw out Chinese forces
When did the Japanese put a puppet government in Manchuria?
What else did the Japanese do in 1932
Who had power in Japan and controlled foregut policy?
What did japan claim to be doing when China appealed to the league?
Settling a local dispute
Why did Japan have to settle a dispute?
Because China was in a state if anarchy
How long did it take for the league to make a report?
A year 1932
What did the 1932 Manchuria report say very clearly?
Japan had acted unlawfully
What did Japan do in February 1933
Invade more of china
What was Japan's claim to invading more of china in 1933
Why we're economic sanctions useless?
USA Japan's main trading partner
When did Japan leave the league?
Why did the league not ban arms sales
Risk of war
What were the excuses offered by the league for the excuse of Japan
Special case, china in anarchy
Why was Manchuria important?
Example other powers followed
How did the atmosphere of the 1930s effect disarmament?
How did the optimistic atmosphere of the 1920s effect disarmament?
When was the long promised disarmament conference held?
What had the disarmament conference achieved a ban in by July?
Chemical warfare, civilian bombing
What was the problem with the ban of chemical warfare
No ban in production
What was the problem with the ban on civilian bombing?
No ban on planes which carry the bombs
What was the problem with limits?
How to enforce them
What did Germany demand in July 1932
All countries disarm to its level
What did Germany announce in January 1933
It was coming back to the conference
When did hitler become chancellor of Germany?
What was hitler doing in secret?
What did hitler propose in May 1933?
Nations destroy arms in 5 years
What happened in October 1933
Germany left the league
How long did the league continue the disarmament conference for after Germany left?
Why did the conference fail?
Not serious, self-interest, divided
What happened between Britain and Germany in 1935?
Anglo-German naval agreement
What percentage of the British navy did the German navy have to stay under the Anglo-German naval agreement?
Why was the Anglo-German naval agreement important?
Acts against term of Versailles
What were the similarities between Manchuria and Abyssinia?
Leading member, empire building
What were the differences between Manchuria and Abyssinia?
Italy was European,
What British territories did Abyssinia border?
Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, British Somaliland
When had Italian troops previously invaded Abyssinia?
What does Abyssinia have?
Fertile land, mineral wealth
What is the name of the Abyssinian emperor?
When was the dispute between Italian and Ethiopian soldiers
Where was the 1934 dispute between Italian and Ethiopian soldiers
What time period was phase 1 of Abyssinia?
1935 January to October
What pact effected Britain and Frances behaviour towards Italy?
1935 Stresa pact
After 8 months what had the league decided
Neither side responsible
What did Mussolini reject
Plan to give Italy some of Abyssinia
What time period was phase 2 of Abyssinia?
1935 October to 1936 May
When did Mussolini invade Abyssinia?
What did the league ban for Italy?
Arms sales, imports, loans, exports of rubber tin and metal
Why were the bans no effective?
How did the delay of bans effect Mussolini
He could get a stock pile
Why was there a debate about oil ban for 2 months
Members economic interest
Why was Britain against coal ban?
30,000 miners lose jobs
What could Britain and France have done to stop Mussolini's campaign very quickly
Shut the Suez Canal
What significantly damaged the league?
What plan was leaked to the French press?
Give 2/3 of Abyssinia to Italy
What did the leak of plans cause in 1936
Loose of momentum
What did the league conclude in February 1936 about bans of oil
Italy would run out in 2 months
How was Americas reaction to Abyssinia?
When did hitler march his troops into the Rhineland?
1936 march 7
How did Hitlers actions affect the leagues decision about Abyssinia?
France no longer up for sanctions
When did Mussolini annex Abyssinia
When was the Rome-Berlin Axis signed?
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