37 terms

Chapter. 15 history story

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Terms in this set (...)

lineage
Group of people descended from a common ancestor
stateless societies
Societies without central governments
matrilineal
Tracing ancestry though the mother
patrilineal
Tracing ancestry though the father
Maghrib
Part of North Africa that is today the Mediterranean coast of Morocco
Almoravids
Islamic group that established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain during the 11th century
Mansa musa
Mali ruler who created a large kingdom and adopted Islam
Sundiata
Sundiata Founder and first emperor of the kingdom of Mali
Mali and Ghana
West African empires that grew rich from trade
Ibn Battuta
14th century traveler who visited most of the Islamic world
Songhai
West African empire that conquered Mali
Hausa
West African people who lived in several city-states of what is now northern Nigeria .Benin Kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta and became a major West African state
Swahili
Language that is a blend of Arabic and Bantu
Zimbabwe
City that grew into an empire built on the gold trade
Mutupa
Southern African empire established by the leader Mutota
Yoruba
West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin
Benin
Kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta and became a major West African state
Almohads
Almohads Islamic group that overthrew the Almoravids in the 12th century
How did social groupings in north and central African societies differ from that of American society today?
Hunting and gathering was based on social grouping also they had strong family ties that diff from American society today .
What religion had influence throughout Africa?
The religion that influence throughout Africa Was Islam . the ruler served as both political and religious leader. The Islamic tradition of obeying the law helped promote order and support the government. The common influence of Islamic law also forged bonds between the different North African states. The people of west African keep their religion most the common people who were poor .
What common feature linked the kingdoms and empires of West Africa ?
Trade ,the Muslim culture, gold and salt , skilled in the art pottery . Many them made ivory, bronze ,wood , and brass .
How does Swahili symbolize the blending of cultures in East Africa?
It was symbolic for trader to communicate in the port cities of east Africa
How did location add to the power of Kilwa?
Kilwa was located on the path of two major trading routes connecting Asia and India.
The city in southeastern Africa that became the capital of a thriving empire built on the gold trade between the 1200s and the 1400s was
Great Zimbabwe
Mansa musa
The Muslim ruler of Mali who expanded the empire to about twice the size of the empire of Ghana was
Songhai
The West African empire that was built by Sunni Ali in the late 1400s was
Hausa
The group of people who ruled city-states between 1000 and 1200 in what is today were the
The group of people who built the kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in West Africa were the
Yoruba
The empire in southern Africa that was founded by Mutota to replace Great Zimbabwe was
Benin
What is life like for hunter-gatherers?
Hunter gatherer is usually lived in stateless societies where maternal and paternal aunt was the dominant in the lingering groups .
How do the Efe get food?
The efe tribe travels around to get their food .the woman usually gathers the plants ,vegetables and fruits. The men usually hunts for the meat .
How does lineage help balance the power in some stateless societies?
Instead of having one leader there were multiple leaders that ruled the lingering groups so it wouldn't have any conflict.
Who were the Berbers?
Berbers were north African people who converted to Islam.
How did the kingdom of Ghana arise
The reason why Ghana arise because of demand of gold and salt.
How did Mali rise to power?
It was based on the gold trade
How did Songhai arise?
They were based on trade
What did Mansa Musa achieve?
He made his empire twice as large as Ghana and he put governors in Providence sections.