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chapter 2 terms and people

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apologists
christian thinkers who defended and explained christian beliefs
atheism
the denial that God exists
bishops
mean "overseers"; ordained church leaders who are successors of the Apostles and have received the fullness of the Sacrament
canon
the church's complete list of sacred books of the Bible
catechumens
unbaptized persons preparing for membership in the church. a person becomes a catechumen after celebrating the Rite of Acceptance into the order of catechumens
deacons
third degree of the Sacrament of Holy Orders; the man is ordained to assist the bishop and priests in a variety of ways; in the early church someone appointed to serve those who were poor or otherwise needy in the community
Edict of Milan
Declaration allowing religious freedom in the Roman Empire
heresy
a belief, attitude, or teaching that is contrary to revealed truth and to the Church's doctrine of faith
heretic
someone baptized a christian who obstinately holds a position on an article of faith that conflicts with officially defined church teachings
incarnation
the truth that the second Person of the Blessed Trinity while remaining God, assumed a human nature and became man
laity
baptized catholics who share in Jesus' mission and continue his work on earth but are not ordained
martyrs
persons who witness to the truth of the faith by enduring death to be faithful to Christ
orthodoxy
a doctrine, belief, attitude or teaching that is consistent with revealed truth and with the Churchs doctrine of faith
presbyters
another name for elders or priests; in the early church, presbyters were closely associated with the bishop in the exercising of leadership in some faith communities
sacraments
effective signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the church by which we share in divine life through the work of the Holy Spirit
tradition
the living and authentic transmission of the teachings of Jesus in the Church
Pliny
roman governor who wrote the emperor seeking guidance about what to do with christians
Constantine
first Christian Roman emperor
Perpetua
early christian who kept a diary in prison and died for the faith
Herod Agrippa I
ruler of Palestine who persecuted Christian in Jerusalem
Nero
first emperor to persecute christians
deacon laurence
roman deacon who died while being burned over hot coals
diocletian
emperor who began diocese and the "great persecution" of Christians
Justin Martyr
apologist who wrote key elements of early faith