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KIN 2501-EXAM 4
Terms in this set (70)
In 1930, he was in high school and accomplishing many feats on the track but not a single black college made an attempt to recruit him, so he wound up at Ohio State in the fall, 1933... Who?
In May, 1935 at the National Intercollegiate Meet in Michigan, how many records did Jesse Owens break?
Who is known for achieving the most superlative feat ever accomplished in the history of the sport?
How many medals did Jesse Owens win in the 1936 Olympics?
During the Cold War, what determined who played international sports?
Strongly believed in the maintenance of strict amateur rules; held idealistic view about separation of sports and politics... Who?
In 1952, the U.S. Women's Olympic squad consisted of only ___ athletes competing in nine events.
In 1956: _____ _________ of England broke the 4-minute mile barrier.
1st African American woman to win 3 gold medals; diagnosed with polio at a very young age - was no cure and the doctors said she would never walk; eventually wore a leg brace; age 12, she was able to walk normally without a brace or corrective shoes... Who?
Tennessee State track coach (Ed Temple)
Wilma Rudolph played basketball in high school - who was she noticed by?
1956; bronze in relay
When did Wilma Rudolph earn a spot on the U.S. Olympic team in Melbourne? What did she win and in what event?
Upon return from Olympics - victory parade
In 1962, retired from track - later taught, married and had four children; became a sports commentator on national television and co-hosted a network radio show
first American woman to win 3 gold medals
In 1960 at Olympics in Rome, what feat did Wilma Rudolph accomplish?
Because of her success, gender barriers began to fall... Who?
In 1960, he won silver medal in decathlon in Melbourne and had the honor of carrying the American flag during the opening ceremonies in Rome... Who?
What was Wilma Rudolph's nickname?
In 1960, who set a new Olympic record in the decathlon?
In 1964, who won the 100-meters by a 7-foot margin, was considered the fastest of "The World's Fastest Human," and later played wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys?
Harry Edwards; fully endorsed a boycott of the 1968 Olympics
Who formed the Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR)? What was the purpose of this group?
During the playing of the national anthem, Smith raised his right black-gloved fist and straight above his head, and Carlos raised his left black-gloved fist as well, both wore long black socks and no shoes, both stood with heads bowed, eyes closed, not saying a word
What was the victory stand demonstration by Tommie Smith and John Carlos at the 1968 Olympics?
Bob Beamon's new world record in the long jump; victory stand demonstration by Tommie Smith and John Carlos
What were the 1968 Olympic games remembered for?
IOC suspended them
What was the consequence for the victory stand by Tommie Smith and John Carlos at the 1968 Olympics?
Arthur Ashe Courage Award
What award did Tommie Smith and John Carlos win in 2008?
the massacre of eleven Israeli Olympians by their Palestinian kidnappers; a record seven gold medals in swimming won by Mark Spitz
What are the 1972 Olympics remembered for?
black male athletes were much more assertive and less willing to obey orders; each had his own way of training, which frequently clashed with opinions of head coaches.
Why were the 1972 Olympics not memorable for black Americans?
Edwin Moses; set world record in 400-meter hurdles
In 1976, who was the star of the Olympic games? Why?
At the 1984 Games, who was accorded the honor of giving the Athlete's Oath?
U.S., Japan, West Germany, and Canada; because of the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan
In 1980, who withdrew from the Olympic games? Why?
Soviet Union and its allies
In 1984, who boycotted the Olympic games in retaliation of the 1980 withdrawals?
Who was the star of the 1984 Olympics and received more pre-Olympic publicity than any other athlete had ever experienced?
Who was the first Olympic performer since Jesse Owens to win four track and field gold medals in one Olympiad?
Ben Johnson; Carl Lewis
In 1988, who was disqualified from a gold medal after failing a drug test? Who did the medal go to instead?
The USA's Dream Team
In 1992, who was the undisputed superstar of the Barcelona Games?
Title IX, Women's Rights movement, Health and fitness movement, increased publicity given to female sports
Women's sport participation has increased since the 1970s due to what factors?
they are not as established; have less administrative and community support; have less revenue-generating potential
Why are female sports programs more vulnerable to budget cuts?
becomes selective (girls who can't afford fees get left out)
What is the negative impact of sports programs becoming privatized?
challenges gender ideology
Why are "strong" women seen as a threat?
What is a powerful cultural factor that has discouraged many girls from playing certain sports or making sports an important part of their lives?
"No person... shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial aid"
Roderick Jackson Jackson fired as coach in retaliation for voicing his concerns about the unequal treatment of the girls' basketball team; sued Birmingham BOE
Jackson vs. Birmingham BOE?
female students at Louisiana State University sued their school for refusing to offer them athletic participation opportunities equal to those it offers its male students
Pedersen vs. LSU?
means they can be changed
"Laws, like sports are social constructions"-what does this mean?
Which branch of philosophy-in the total scheme of the universe, people are more important than nature, values are permanent and do not need individuals to carry them forward, the learning process is self initiated, strive for perfection?
Which branch of philosophy-a result of scientific methods, material objects exist in and of themselves, without being dependent upon being perceived?
Which branch of philosophy-concerned with land, forest, etc. as well as astronomy, chemistry, physics, competition is discouraged; challenge yourself; compete against yourself?
Which branch of philosophy-experience is the key to life-way to find truth, truth is flexible, experience is the only way to find the truth?
Which branch of philosophy-human existence is the only reality, when people are forced to conform they forfeit their individuality, individual determines their own system of values?
White Pelican example: who says, "I wonder why they are here" and begins hypothesizing?
White Pelican example: who would want to track the pelicans; hard information - scientific data?
White Pelican example: who communes with nature; enjoys the moment; takes pictures; protecting their habitat?
White Pelican example: who talks about how wonderful it is?
What is Jesse Owens' real name?
Ethical framework... Ethos of the game, game & sport conventions=conventionalism, formalism, or broad internalism?
Status quo question=T/F
Jesse Owens real name=T/F
they play differently
Women can't play because..
duke football team
Sue Mercer was cut from what team?
the court found that the student population at LSU was 49% female, while athletic participation was only 29% female, LSU did fail the proportionality prong.
How did LSU lose the lawsuit?
received money from the federal government
1984: Grove City College vs. Bell ruled that Title IX applied only to programs that directly....
Which part of the Title IX three-pronged test: sport opportunities for male and female students at the institution are "substantially proportionate" to their respective full-time undergraduate enrollments?
History of Progress Test
Which part of the Title IX three-pronged test: the institution has a "history and continuing practice of program expansion" for the underrepresented sex?
Accomodation of Interest Test
Which part of the Title IX three-pronged test: the institution is "fully and effectively" accommodating the interests and abilities of the underrepresented sex?
Title IX of the Educational Amendments in what year?
Tennis was expelled in what year? It returned in what year?
When were the first Olympic games?
civil rights restoration act
What declared that sports programs were a part of the overall educational program at schools?
What year did they start saying the Oath?
What year did they do the flag?
Why weren't the Paris games good?
The only none Olympic game...
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