Chapter 19 The Postwar Boom Notes
The Americans, Texas Edition. Chapter 19. Notes
Terms in this set (47)
How did the GI Bill help returning veterans?
It paid for college, helped the unemployed, and offered low interest loans.
What economic challenges did America face after the war?
Housing shortages, employment, readjustment to family life, lower wages, and shortages of goods.
What caused the economy to recover so rapidly?
Americans had money to spend. They had saved so much during the war.
How did Truman handle strikes by miners and railroad workers?
He threatened them with the draft and make them work.
What caused voters to elect a conservative Republican Congress in 1946?
Americans were not satisfied with the shortages of goods and rising costs.
How did Truman deal with civil rights?
He supported civil rights, equality for everyone.
How did Truman use his executive power to advance civil rights?
Truman issued an executive order integrating the military after Congress refused to act.
How did the civil rights issue affect the Democratic Party in the election of 1948?
It divided the party in the south.
What was Truman's Fair Deal?
An extension of the New Deal to health insurance and helping farmers
How was the Fair Deal received by Congress?
Congress did not pass any of the Fair Deal laws.
Why did Truman not run for reelection in 1952?
Due to the Korean War and McCarthyism.
What kind of leadership style did Eisenhower bring to the presidency?
He was in the middle road of domestic issues. He didn't want any controversy.
What did Eisenhower's reelection in 1956 signify?
Americans liked what he was doing domestically.
What happened to blue-collar jobs in the 1950's?
new opportunities created white collar jobs. There were not as many needs for blue-collar jobs
How were conglomerates and franchises alike?
Both were successful businesses that grew rapidly.
How were conglomerates and franchises different?
Conglomerates grew by diversifying. Franchises grew by opening stores in new locations.
How did expectations change from one generation to another?
It changed form individuality to conformity
What effects did the climate in many corporations have on some workers?
Some became dissatisfied with the emphasis on conformity and the impersonal corporate atmosphere.
What were some aspects of the suburban lifestyle?
Affordable house, good schools, safe and healthy environment for children
Why was there a baby boom?
Families reuniting, decreased marriage age, confidence in economic prosperity and advances in medicine.
How did the baby boom affect American life in the 1950s?
Creation of youth-centered culture; increased demand for consumer goods and jobs related to educating and taking care of children.
What did many American women think of their role as homemakers?
They were not happy. They felt isolated, bored, and unfulfilled.
What happened to car sales in the 1950's?
Car sales increased because of the suburbs.
How did the interstate highway system change the way America traveled?
It made travel faster and connected people to far off locations.
What opportunities were created by the successes of the automobile industry in the 1950s?
It stimulated production, provided jobs, made suburbs accessible.
What problems were created by the successes of the automobile industry in the 1950s?
Pollution, accidents, economic differences in poor and middle-class Americans, and deterioration of public transport.
What were American buying patterns for consumer goods in the 1950s?
Buying new things
How did manufactures encourage people to buy more consumer goods?
How did advertisers seek to increase sales?
By convincing Americans to buy things they really didn't need.
What does television provide for the American people?
What do Americans object to on TV?
What happened to radio in the 1950's?
Focused on news and music
What happened to movies in the 1950's?
Focused on color, size of the screen, and sound.
How did the beat movement challenge conformity?
They did not have typical jobs or attitudes about society. They are the opposite of the average 1950's American.
How did the attitude of beat writers toward structure reflect their views about society?
They didn't like structure as was occurring in the 1950s. Think outside the box.
Why do you think many young Americans were attracted to the beat movement?
Teenagers looking for alternatives to the conformity and consumerism of their parents found a celebration of poverty, unconformity and art that reflected immediate sensory experience.
How did rock n roll challenge middle class values?
People thought it would lead to teenage delinquency and immorality
How did rock n roll get into mainstream culture?
Through radio ad television exposure
What was the relationship between Blacks and mainstream culture in the 1950s?
They were not represented in the mass media.
Why did whites leave the cities?
To live in the new suburbs
What was the result of white flight?
Decay of the city due to lack of people, businesses, and taxes.
How did urban renewal affect cities?
It did create new business but did not create enough housing for those displaced
What role did Mexican-Americans play in the development of the Southwest?
They filled jobs that other Americans did not want.
What was the Longoria incident?
Longoria was a Mexican-American killed during WW2 and the hometown would not bury him in the local cemetery.
How did the Longoria incident motivate Mexican-Americans to increase their political and social activism?
They were outraged at the discrimination against them and the incident spurred them on to become more politically active and organized.
What civil rights efforts were undertaken by Native Americans?
To make sure that Native Americans had civil rights and to retain their tribal customs
What was the termination policy?
the US govt gave up responsibility for the tribes and eliminated federal economic support
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