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ANTH 1102 Test 3
Terms in this set (30)
The increased use of satisfy food sources during the Epipaleolithic explains in part why people in the Near East began to _______.
lead more sedentary lives
Toward the end of the Upper Paleolithic period, people got most of their food from _______.
Archaeologists can determine if an ancient society had different socioeconomic classes of people by looking at ________.
the differences in house size and furnishing
Only _______ fossils have been found in North and South America.
The Uruk period refers to pre-state developments in _______.
The Near East
How did a shift to a more sedentary lifestyle and reliance on grains affect the Natufians' health?
They suffered nutritional deficiency, as shown by their teeth.
From the time agriculture developed to about 6000 B.C., people in the Near East lived in _______.
When would a toolmaker use pressure flaking?
in the final stages of retouching a tool
What do anthropologists mean when they say that city-states arose "independently" in various regions of the world?
The states emerged without colonization or conquest from other states.
Which important site was an adobe town set high in the mountains of southern Turkey?
The subjects of European cave painting are mostly _______.
________ theorized that long-distance trade led to the state.
Wright and Johnson
In the Near East, dogs seem to have been domesticated ________.
before the rise of agriculture
_________ is often given as a reason for the decline of the Roman Empire.
Most archaeologists believe that the ______ was one of the earliest centers of plant and animal domestication.
Why we do still not know when human language emerged?
It is difficult topic to explore archaeologically.
What is the advantage of a pit house?
They retain heat longer than houses built above the ground.
Which civilization is believed to have collapsed due to environmental degradation?
The wild grass teostine led to today's domesticated ________.
How do domesticated plants get to be different from their wild varieties?
Certain variations are artificially selected through the harvesting and planting process.
Among archaic peoples of Mesoamerica, ________ were located near seasonally abundant resources.
What innovation from Upper Paleolithic culture had the most lasting importance for humans, both in the Old and New Worlds?
domestication of plants and animals
Large game animals of the Upper Paleolithic period were known as _______ megafauna
The glaciers began to disappear about ________ years ago.
During the Upper Paleolithic the world experienced the last ice age. At time, the world's temperature was ________.
as much as 50F lower than today's temperature
Most of the remains that have been excavated from Upper Paleolithic sites have been found in _______.
caves and rock shelters
By about _______ B.C., archaeologists had found most of the major characteristics of civilizations.
The earliest Neolithic societies were _________.
The Upper Paleolithic cultures relied on hunting for food. Why?
There were vast supplies of meat available.
The first form of writing found in Sumer and dating to around 3000 B.C. is known as