Terms in this set (97)
The 3 Distinct Populations in a Colony
1) The immature Bees (Brood)
2) The Hive Bees
3) Field Bees (foragers)
What are the 3 different Brood bees?
Eggs, Larvae, Pupae
What are the 6 Hive bees?
Nurse bees, hive cleaners, wax builders, honey and pollen processors, undertakers, and guards
What are the 4 types of field bees?
pollen foragers, nectar foragers, water foragers and propolis foragers
How long are bees in the hive until they become field bees?
At what stage to bees stop eating protein?
Field bee stage
What are the three main parts of the bee?
Abdomen, thorax and head
What are 5 parts of the head?
Ocelli, compound eye, antennae, mandibles, probosais
What is the main food for bees in a hive?
What do bees eat?
pollen (protein, lipids, minerals, vitamins,...) and nectar/honey (carbs) and water
What are our five goals as beekeepers?
1) Increase brood production
2) Increase the longevity of adult field foraging bees
3) Improve bee health
4) Investigate the link between nutrition and bee disease
5) Reduce the impact or mite parasitism
What year was the earliest attempt at bee supplements?
1756 - Samuel Hartib
What are 7 reasons to feed your colonies?
1) To ensure continued colony development in places and times of shortage of natural pollen
2) To optimize bee populations for nectar flow
3) To optimize bee populations for pollination
4) To build populations for colony division
5) To sustain brood rearing and colony development during inclement weather
6) To build population for queen and package production, cell builders and mating ?
7) To extend the season....
4 ways to feed protein
4) Dry feed
What exactly is a honey bee colony?
It is a series of overlapping generations of bees.
What gives bees the most longevity?
What is the scientific name for a bee?
What is the name for being backboned?
What is the name for being a jointed-limbed invertebrae?
What does the ocelli do?
Help in orientation and sensory
What is bee blood called?
What are 4 different bees?
Bumble bee, plasterer bee, leaf-cutter bee, and green bee
What are the 4 P's to control field bees?
How many races of bees are from Africa?
What is the genus of bees?
What does food equal?
How many inches of rain do bees need?
What are the parts of the bees that can turn sugars into wax to make the honeycombs?
endocrine and exocrine
What glands make the royal jelly?
What helps bees pick up pollen?
Plumose body hairs
What makes honeybees different from other bees?
They have overlapping generations
Bee breeders lose on average ___% of their hive?
What is the #1 pest for bees?
Where exactly will we apply the mite stuff to a hive?
The brood chamber.
What season is the time when mite population increases?
How many times a year do we treat mites at Cal Poly?
3-4x a year
Name the seasons of a beekeeper
Feb-March: Typical year of bloom
March-Apr: Citrus & avocado
Apr-June: Hills, avocado, & pomegranite
June-Aug: Alfalfa, cotton & corn
Aug-Oct: Preparing for winter
Who eats the Royal Jelly?
Identify two differences between old-world beekeeping and new-world beekeeping
Monocultures and Pesticides
Why were bees considered to be sacred in the old world?
1) Honey was one of the only sweeteners for its time.
2) They would use honey to preserve food
3) People would use honey for medicinal purposes
4) Honey was a commodity that could be traded
5) People consider the act of pollination as an act of God
The history of how hives evolved:
- 17th-19th century Romans used cloned skeps so that the bees could build on it skeps?
- Hollow Logs - bee "gums"
-1885 - the moveable frame hive - created by Lorenzo Langstroth
What is the issue if the hive is not eating a pollen patty?
What are three characteristics of a social bee?
1) Cooperative Brood Care
2) Reproductive Division of Labor
3) Overlapping generations
What important sources are found in pollen?
Protein, lipids, minerals, vitamins, etc
What important source is found in nectar/honey?
What is the external parasite?
What is the internal parasite?
What are the list of Internal Parasites and Pathogens?
What are the characteristics of American Foulbrood?
Smells like rotten meat and at pupae stage
What are the characteristics of European Foulbrood?
Smells like sour milk and at larvae stage
Which disease is stress related?
What are the 4 main bee viruses?
Deformed wing virus
Black Queen Cell Virus
Kashmir Bee Virus
What season is the nectar flow period?
What is the most common mite?
What mites are an easy fix?
What are the treatments for American Foulbrood and European Foulbrood respectively?
Tylosen and Terramycyn
What are the three main types of honey?
1) Liquid Honey
2) Cut Comb Honey
3) Creamed Honey
Is Loopen a forage plant?
How are bees related to the dairy industry?
Need bees for alfalfa seed
How much money do bees impact the ag industry?
What is CCD?
Bees not living as long as they need to.
What is pollen
a bee's natural protein source
what is pheromone
a chemical communication
what is nectar
the honey bees natural carbohydrate source
what is a comb
wax portion of the colony in which eggs are laid, honey and pollen stored
what is a super
any added box a beekeeper puts above the brood chambers
what is queen, worker, drone?
the three castes of a bee colony
what is brood
a collective term for immature stages of bees not yet emerged
what is propolis
plant resin collected and modified by bees, used by bees to seal the hive
what is royal jelly
a highly nutritious glandular secretion of young bees, fed to queen & larvae
what is a frame
removable combs inside the hive
what is brood, hive bees, field bees
the three populations of bees in a colony
drones cannot sting
nurse bees collect pollen and nectar from flowers
bees can make honey from pollen
bees use water to cool their hive and dilute honey
smoke breaks up the pheromone communication in the hive
Russian bees were brought to north america for their resistance to Varroa mites
Propolis is collected from dead animals
bucket and division board feeding are two acceptable ways to feed sugar syrup
a cold rainy day is a good day to open up a colony because the bees are in the hive
honey bees are native to americas
Identify activities of a hive bee
wax building, nurse, duties, hive cleaning
which is not a good bee forage plant
identify popular bee races in north america
italian & carniolan
why do beekeepers feed protein supplements to their colonies
increase brood production and disease control
how many wings does a bee have
other than citrus, alfalfa, and clover name a good crop for honey bees
Apis mellifera ligustica describes what
genus, species, race
bees breathe through holes in their exoskeleton called ocelli
there are only 3 castes in a honey bee colony queen, drone, worker
queen and worker bees have 32 chromosomes while drones only have 16
honey bees, man and ag have evolved together over the past 3,000 years
honeybees are necessary for the almond industry. in CA almonds are a ...
4 billion dollar industry per year
In regards to season management what month is considered to be the super bowl
Identify the bee friendly floral source presented in one of you r labs
saliva-sage, pomegranate blossom, wild mustard
Hypopharyngeal glands are known as brood food glands they produce ______.
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