the Allies failed to agree on a peace treaty with Germany
in 1945, the Allies divided Germany into 4 occupation zones, one each for the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. the city of Berlin lay 110 miles inside the Soviet occupation zone. like Germany, it was divided into 4 occupation zones.
fearing a resurgent Germany, the Soviet Union cut off Western land access to West Berlin. this action provoked the first great Cold War test of wills between the United States and the Soviet Union
President Truman ordered a massive airlift of food, fuel, and other supplies to the beleaguered citizens of West Berlin.
the Berlin Airlift marked a crucial and successful test of containment
following the Berlin Airlift, the United States, Great Britain, and France created the Federal Republic of Germany or West Germany. the Soviet Union responded by establishing the East German state, the German Democratic Republic.