Abnormal Psychology Final
Terms in this set (26)
Which set of adjective pairs correctly describes the clusters into which DSM-5 personality disorders are grouped?
Odd/eccentric, dramatic/emotional, and anxious/fearful
In the U.S., the prevalence of a diagnosable personality disorder is estimated to be around _______ adults.
1 out of every 10
The personality disorder characterized by unreasonable fear of abandonment, fear of being rejected, avoidance of disagreement, inability to make decisions for oneself, and clinging behavior is ______________ personality disorder.
The personality disorder characterized by extreme instability in behavior and emotion, impulsivity, depression, and self-injurious behaviors is ___________ personality disorder.
According to the definition of personality disorder, only individuals who show ____________ patterns of maladaptive behavior or emotional distress as a result of their actions should be diagnosed with a personality disorder.
The disorder that shares many similar symptoms with schizophrenia is ___________ personality disorder.
An adult diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder is most likely to have met the criteria for _____________ as a child.
A person with paranoid personality disorder may
all of the above
Research regarding psychological treatment for borderline personality disorder suggests that ___________ appears to be helpful in improving mood and reducing suicidal and self-injurious behaviors.
dialectical behavior therapy
Gender differences observed in the prevalence of many personality disorders (i.e., borderline for women, antisocial for men) may be due to
all of the above
The characteristic features of personality disorders tend to develop with
a chronic pattern with onset in childhood.
With which of the following personality disorders is the term psychopath closely associated?
Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by
thinking of oneself as deserving of special treatment.
An appropriate treatment goal for an individual with mild or moderate intellectual disability is
improve abilities to care for self
Which of the following characterize the disorder known as schizophrenia?
All of these
Which of the following is accurate in regard to the long-term outlook for schizophrenic patients?
Complete recovery from schizophrenia is rare
Which of the following is the most accurate definition of flat affect?
A lack of emotional response, blank facial expression.
Most autistic individuals develop symptoms of the disorder ________.
before age three
Down syndrome is caused by
an extra 21st chromosome
The positive symptoms of schizophrenia are most closely associated with _________ activity.
The ability to perform "computer-like" mathematical calculations and other incredible skills that are sometimes associated with autistic individuals (such as the character in the movie Rain Man) are
not typical of the disorder.
Which of the following describes a delusion of grandeur?
One is a famous or important person
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
High expressed emotion in a family is a good predictor of relapse among chronic schizophrenics.
The most common type of hallucination experienced by psychotic individuals is ____________.
Which of the following is the persecution type of psychotic delusion?
People are out to get you
All of the following are typical behaviors for children with autistic disorder EXCEPT
performing complex math calculations that appear well beyond their abilities.