College Knowledge


Terms in this set (...)

Two-year college
A regional higher education institution offering certificates and two-year degrees for professional subjects. Two-year colleges usually cost less than four-year colleges, are open enrollment schools that don't consider past grades for admission, and specialize in serving live-at-home students and part-time students. Also known as community colleges or junior colleges
Four-year college
An institution of higher learning that grants bachelor's degrees and sometimes master's degrees and doctorates. Four-year colleges typically offer a larger array of programs and have more campus activities than two-year colleges, as well as offering opportunities to live on campus. They typically cost more than two-year colleges. Also known as colleges or universities.
Associate's degree
Degree received after completing 2-year program
Transfer education
Many high school graduates who wish to attend a university choose to complete their GE courses at a community college.
Development education
Two-year colleges offer programs for high school graduates who struggled in school and aren't ready for college-level coursework.
Career education
Some high school graduates who want to enter the workforce sooner attend a community college to earn a certificate in a specialized field of study or an associate's degree in a broader field.
Two-year college
-Allow for much more scheduling flexibility than four-year colleges. Most of them offer evening and weekend classes, so you can take care of work and family obligations and still attend school
-Allow you to study a variety of subjects and careers without having to commit to one or spend a lot of money int he process
Liberal arts college
Four-year college focused on broad student learning in writing and thinking, with faculty devoted to teaching. Usually have smaller enrollments.
Bachelor's degree
Degree received after completing a four-year program. Also known as undergraduate degree or baccalaureate.
Dynamic campus life
4-year colleges offer many social opportunities and a varied selection of extracurricular activities. They also attract a large number of international students, so you have a much greater opportunity to meet and develop relationships with diff. types of people
Large athletic program
4-year colleges offer wide range of sports that attract top athletes. Because college sports greatly contribute to school spirit, the athletic programs are well-funded, in part because of contributions from loyal alumni
Work on campus
Many students must work while in college, and college campuses provide plenty of job opportunities. Some students opt for a work-study program as part of their financial aid package. This requires students to work on campus and earn money, which goes toward paying off student loans.
Expert professors
Because many 4-year colleges have some of the best research and teaching facilities, they often attract distinguished scholars as professors, and therefore may offer an excellent overall academic experience.
Four-year college
-Offer on-campus housing.
-Have competitive admission policy. Requires many academic qualifications in order to be admitted to the school.
-Provide in-depth coursework. Generally offer more resources for students to do research, and most offer programs to continue an education beyond an undergraduate degree.
Vocational school
Also known as a trade school. Is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job. Students can often earn certificates or licenses in less than 2 years.
Vocational school
-Hands-on training: learning atmosphere at a vocational school is intensive and practical. Most projects and assignments simulate the workplace environment
-Experienced instructors: Instructors have expert training in the particular field in which they teach.
-Short duration: Courses can vary in length, but programs usually take 1-2 year to complete.
-Specific job knowledge: Train you to do a specific job, so applying you knowledge to your job probably won't be difficult.
-Cost efficiency: Can cost significantly less than diploma or degree programs offered through a college.
Flexible schedule: Convenient for students who have work or family obligations.
Bachelor of Arts
Bachelor's degree awarded for the completion of an undergraduate program in either the liberal arts or sciences. It often requires a certain number of credits from areas such s language, humanities, literature, history, mathematics, and science
Bachelor of Science
Bachelor's degree awarded for the completion of an undergraduate program in engineering, mathematics, computer science, or natural science
GE requirements
-Literacy: 2 courses in English
-Mathematics- one math course
-Humanities, fine arts, and social and behavioral sciences: 5 courses in areas such as history, sociology, art psychology, or public speaking
-Natural sciences: 2 courses in anthropology, biology, chemistry, geology, or another natural science
-World languages: 2 courses in a foreign language
Main field of study a student chooses to focus on in college
Major requirement
22 courses
Elective requirement
College course requirement of courses of a student's choosing. Many colleges require students to complete approximately six elective course. These courses allow students to explore interest that could lead to a minor
Secondary focus of study in a specific study or career field
Associate of Arts
Degree prepares students who wish to earn a Bachelor of Arts at a four-year college. Focuses on liberal arts and sciences
Associate of Science
Degree prepares students who wish to earn a Bachelor of Science at a four-year college. The focus is on mathematics, natural sciences, engineering, health sciences, or technology
Associate of Fine Arts
Degree focuses on music, theater, art, dance, and creative writing. Credits are transferable, but not all GE requirements are fulfilled with this degree
Associative of Arts in Teaching
Students who transfer to a four-year college receive full credit for their approved lower-level education courses
Associate of Applied Science
Degree requires fewer general education courses so students can focus on taking more courses in their program area
Associate of Occupational Studies
Degree requires no GE courses. The coursework focuses strictly on the career the student wishes to enter
Associate of Industrial Technology
Degree is awarded to students who wish to enter into career fields such as electronics, radio and television broadcasting, engineering, and computers. Students with this degree can continue on to a four-year college
Associate of Business Administration
Degree focuses on functions of business. Although this degree is terminal, credits can be transferred to a four-year college
Certification program
Curriculum leading to a certificate rather than to a degree or diploma
Issued by gov. or authority that gives official permission to do something
Training program where you earn wages while you learn a skilled profession in a specific field
School-to-Work system
Education and career-focused opportunity that exposes students to potential careers by combining classroom instruction with on-the-job training
Trade association
Organization founded by business in a specific industry to facilitate collaboration between companies, standardized procedures within the industry, and advocate for workers
College entrance requirement
Piece of info that a college uses to make admissions decisions. Requirements can include personal info, courses taken, performance scores, a personal statement, letters of recommendation, community service, participation in extracurricular activities, and an interview.