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MS Pre Midterm test
Which term describes a reduction
which treatment of a fracture requires the fracture to be exposed to view or opened at a remote sire for nailing across the fracture?
which of the following terms describes traction by use of strapping, elastic wraps, or tape?
wound exploration codes have the following services bundled into the codes....
exploration, including enlargment, debridment, removal of foreign body, minor vessel ligation, repair.
the application of a cranial halo is a form of
this type of graft is often taken from the lower thigh area.
Insertion of a device into the muscle to measure the pressure within the muscle is monitoring of
interstitial fluid pressure
fast becoming the treatment of choice for many orthopedic surgeons is what type of procedure?
which of the following is not a fracture treatment?
Whaich of the following flaps describes a bone graft that is taken along with the skin and tissue that overlies te bone?
Fracture codes are based on
the restoration of a fracture or dislocation to its normal anatomic alignment by the application of manually applied force is known as..
a hip replacement is coded based on the
medical reason for the surgery
open treatment o a fracture is when the
fracture is surgically opened and visualized or opened remotely.
where is the bimalleolar bone located
Which of the following is not a tretment method for a dislocation?
What is the difference between the code for a soft tissue abcess in the muskuloskeletol system subsection and the codes for abcess in the integumentary system subsection?
b. the code in the musculoskeletal system subsection is associated with deep rissue possibly to the bone.
d. an injection into the joint, an aspiration of fluid from the joint and a puncure of a joint cavity.
the acronym ORIF stands for
open reduction with external fixation
________ is the attatchemt of a spinal fixation device at each end of the area being repaired and at least one other attachment in the area being repaired.
electrical or ultrasound stimulation is used to
surgical and fracture repair codes in the musculoskeletal subsection
include the application and removal of the initioal casts, splints, or strapping applied by the treating physiscian.
a bunionectomy is a hallux___ correction
arthroscopy is a desirable treatment choice by physicaians and patients because the
incisons are smaller, risk of infection is decreased, and quicker recovery time.
a _____ arthroscopy is always included in a surgical procedure
the following is not a type of bunionectomy
bone grafts are often coded in conjunction with a surgical procedure. What is the appropriate modifier to apply to the bone graft code?
_____ is the application of pulling force to hols a bone in correct alignment
name four of the five graft types represented in the musculoskeletal subsection
bone graft, tissue, facia, cartilage, tendon
red bone marrow is fount in spongy or ________ bone
hard, dense bone tissue lying under the preiosteum is called _______ bone
series of bone canals containing blood vessels are the _______
fluid found within the joint is
upper arm bine
lower arm bone (little finger side)
lower arm bone (thumb side)
smaller of the two leg bones
three parts of the pelvis
ilium, ischium, and the pubis
upper arm bone
inflamation of the tendon
tumor (benign) of cartilage
inflamation of a sac or fluid near a joint
fixation of a kneecap
tumor (benign) of smooth, visceral muscle
inflamation of bone and bone marrow
defective bone develpment
knuckle like protection
shallow cartilage on bone
rounded process on bone
larger process on femur for muscle
opening for blood vessels and nerves
narrow deepressed opening
partial or uncomplete dislocation
bending of a joint
socket for femur
priojection of scapula
process on ankle
malignant tumor of bone
pain in the muscle and fibrous tissue
maliganat tumor of smooth muscle
inflamation of the facias
spongy, porous bone tssue is also called
outward extension of the shoulder bone is the
an opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is
the projection of the temporal bone is the
knuckle like process at the end of a bone is called
mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the
occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal and ethmoid are bones of the
the shaft long bone is called the
poor formation of a bone
slipping or subluxation of a vertebra
operation performed to relieve the symptoms of a slipped disk
lateral curvature of the spinal colum
vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of the bone, aka
pertaining to the upper arm bone
the shoulder bone is the
the smaller of the two leg bones is the
inflamation of the bone and bone marrow is
a splintered or crushed bone
surgical repair of a joint
condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint
chronic inflamation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage
inflamation of joints caused by excessive uric acis accumulation
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
wasting away(no development) of muscle
fibrous membrane seperating muscles
movement away from the midline
pertaining to the heart muscle
pain of many muscles
act of turning the palm upward
muscle connected to internal organs
connection of muscle to the bone that moves
connection of muscle to a stationary bone
two mineral substances necessary for proper develpment of bones are
calcium and phosphorus
the ends of a long bone are called the
a sac of fluid near a joint is a