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MS Pre Midterm test

STUDY
PLAY
Which term describes a reduction
manipulation
which treatment of a fracture requires the fracture to be exposed to view or opened at a remote sire for nailing across the fracture?
open
which of the following terms describes traction by use of strapping, elastic wraps, or tape?
skin
wound exploration codes have the following services bundled into the codes....
exploration, including enlargment, debridment, removal of foreign body, minor vessel ligation, repair.
the application of a cranial halo is a form of
external fixation
this type of graft is often taken from the lower thigh area.
fascia graft
Insertion of a device into the muscle to measure the pressure within the muscle is monitoring of
interstitial fluid pressure
fast becoming the treatment of choice for many orthopedic surgeons is what type of procedure?
endoscopy/arthroscopy
which of the following is not a fracture treatment?
replantation
Whaich of the following flaps describes a bone graft that is taken along with the skin and tissue that overlies te bone?
free osteocutaneous
Fracture codes are based on
treatment type
the restoration of a fracture or dislocation to its normal anatomic alignment by the application of manually applied force is known as..
manipulation
a hip replacement is coded based on the
medical reason for the surgery
open treatment o a fracture is when the
fracture is surgically opened and visualized or opened remotely.
where is the bimalleolar bone located
ankle
Which of the following is not a tretment method for a dislocation?
external fixation
What is the difference between the code for a soft tissue abcess in the muskuloskeletol system subsection and the codes for abcess in the integumentary system subsection?
b. the code in the musculoskeletal system subsection is associated with deep rissue possibly to the bone.
arthrocentesis is
d. an injection into the joint, an aspiration of fluid from the joint and a puncure of a joint cavity.
the acronym ORIF stands for
open reduction with external fixation
________ is the attatchemt of a spinal fixation device at each end of the area being repaired and at least one other attachment in the area being repaired.
segmental instrumentation
electrical or ultrasound stimulation is used to
promote healing
surgical and fracture repair codes in the musculoskeletal subsection
include the application and removal of the initioal casts, splints, or strapping applied by the treating physiscian.
a bunionectomy is a hallux___ correction
valgus
arthroscopy is a desirable treatment choice by physicaians and patients because the
incisons are smaller, risk of infection is decreased, and quicker recovery time.
a _____ arthroscopy is always included in a surgical procedure
diagnostic
the following is not a type of bunionectomy
mumford
bone grafts are often coded in conjunction with a surgical procedure. What is the appropriate modifier to apply to the bone graft code?
no modifier
_____ is the application of pulling force to hols a bone in correct alignment
traction
name four of the five graft types represented in the musculoskeletal subsection
bone graft, tissue, facia, cartilage, tendon
red bone marrow is fount in spongy or ________ bone
cancellais
hard, dense bone tissue lying under the preiosteum is called _______ bone
compact
series of bone canals containing blood vessels are the _______
haversian canals
fluid found within the joint is
synovial fluid
collar bone
clavical
wrist bones
carpals
knee cap
patella
foot bones
metatarsals
shoulder blade
scapula
upper arm bine
humerus
breast bone
sternum
thigh bone
Femur
finger bones
phalanges
hand bones
metacarpals
lower arm bone (little finger side)
ulna
lower arm bone (thumb side)
radius
collar bone
clavical
backbone
vertebral column
shin bone
tibia
smaller of the two leg bones
fibula
three parts of the pelvis
ilium, ischium, and the pubis
midfoot bones
metatarsals
-desid
bend
-emia
blood condition
-malacia
softening
-algia
pain
-porosis
pore
dia-
complete, through
exo-
one
poly-
many
sub-
below
supra-
many
fascia
fasci/o
upper arm bone
humer/o
flesh
sarc/o
flesh
thorac/o
inflamation of the tendon
tendonitis
tumor (benign) of cartilage
chondroma
inflamation of a sac or fluid near a joint
buritis
fixation of a kneecap
patellapexy
tumor (benign) of smooth, visceral muscle
leiomyoma
inflamation of bone and bone marrow
osteomyelitis
osteodystrophy
defective bone develpment
malleolus
anle
podagra
gout
condyle
knuckle like protection
fossa
shallow cartilage on bone
tubercle
rounded process on bone
trochanter
larger process on femur for muscle
foramen
opening for blood vessels and nerves
fissure
narrow deepressed opening
subluxation
partial or uncomplete dislocation
arthrodesis
bending of a joint
pyrexia
fever
calcaneus
heel bone
acetabulum
socket for femur
acromion
priojection of scapula
malleolus
process on ankle
olecranon
elbow bone
osteogenic sarcoma
malignant tumor of bone
fibromyalgia
pain in the muscle and fibrous tissue
leiomyosarcoma
maliganat tumor of smooth muscle
muscular dystrophy
poor development
fascitis
inflamation of the facias
spongy, porous bone tssue is also called
cancellous bone
outward extension of the shoulder bone is the
acromion
an opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is
foramen
the projection of the temporal bone is the
mastoid process
knuckle like process at the end of a bone is called
condyle
mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the
face
occipital, sphenoid, frontal, temporal and ethmoid are bones of the
cranium
the shaft long bone is called the
diaphysis
poor formation of a bone
ostodystrophy
slipping or subluxation of a vertebra
spondylolosthesi
operation performed to relieve the symptoms of a slipped disk
laminectomy
lateral curvature of the spinal colum
scoliosis
vitamin D deficiency leads to softening of the bone, aka
osteomalacia
pertaining to the upper arm bone
humeral
the shoulder bone is the
scapula
the smaller of the two leg bones is the
fibula
inflamation of the bone and bone marrow is
osteomyelitis
clubfoot
talipes
a splintered or crushed bone
comminuted fracture
surgical repair of a joint
arthroplasty
condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint
ankylosis
chronic inflamation of bones and joints due to degenerative changes in cartilage
osteoarthritis
inflamation of joints caused by excessive uric acis accumulation
gouty arthritis
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
leiomyosarcoma
wasting away(no development) of muscle
atrophy
fibrous membrane seperating muscles
fascia
movement away from the midline
abduction
pertaining to the heart muscle
myocardial
pain of many muscles
polymyalgia
act of turning the palm upward
supination
muscle connected to internal organs
visceral
connection of muscle to the bone that moves
insertion
connection of muscle to a stationary bone
origin
two mineral substances necessary for proper develpment of bones are
calcium and phosphorus
the ends of a long bone are called the
epiphysis
a sac of fluid near a joint is a
bursa