52 terms

IGCSE World Music Instruments

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Saron
Gamelan xylophone
Gambang
Gamelan marimba
Suling
Gamelan flute
Gender
Gamelan xylophone with bamboo underneath
Gendang
Gamelan two sided drum
Gong
Large Cymbal
Kempul
Set of pitched hanging gongs
Bonang
Collection of small gongs (played on the floor)
Sarangi
Indian bowed string instrument
Santur
Indian zinther (strings stretched over a trapezoidal shape)
Bansuri
Indian bamboo flute
Sarod
Indian lute like string instrument
Tanpura
Indian, plucked, string instrument with a long neck
Sitar
Indian string instrument with two layers of strings
Harmonium
Indian pump organ
Pakhawaj
Indian two headed drum with wet wheat dough smeared along the bass face to give a vivid bass sound
Dholak
Indian two headed drum which does not have a kiran
Tabla
Indian instrument made up of two different sized drums
Koto
Japanese harp like instrument
Biwa
Japanese lute
Shakuhachi
Japanese flute
Sho
Japanese pan pipes
Shamisen
Japanese long necked guitar-like instrument
Taiko
Large Japanese drum
Charango
Small latin american lute
Zampona
Latin american pan pipes
Bandoneon
Latin american accordian
Quena
Latin american flute
Maracas
Latin american unpitched percussion shakers
Marimba
Latin american percussion instrument made up of toned wooden bars
Guitar
Strummed/Plucked mariachi string instrument
Violin
Bowed mariachi string instrument
Conga
Large Latin american drum
Bongos
Small open bottom Latin american drums
Sogo
Smallest of the set of three African drums
Kidi
Middle sized African drum
Kaganu
Largest of the set of three African drums
Djembe
A rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands, originally from West Africa
Atsimevu
Lead African drum. It is a narrow drum approximately four feet tall and its head is about eleven inches in diameter.
Talking drum
Hour glass shaped west African drum who's pitch can be regulated to mimic the tone and prosody of human speech
Balafon
Africa marimba
Kora
African lute-bridged-harp
Mbira
Thumb piano
Gangokui
Two pitched bell played with a wooden stick
Axatse
Inside out maraca
Tar
Arab plucked, string, instrument
Oud
Arab lute
Rebab
Arab Violin
Qanun
Arab zinther
Ney
Arab end blown woodwind fute
Doumbek
Arab drum (like a djembe but has a more metallic sound)
Riq
Arab tambourine