Terms in this set (55)

1. bourgeoisie: oppressor class (capitalists--> owners of means of production) *only thing they don't own is labor
a) origin: burgess; land owners and merchants of the towns
b) avenue to power: overthrow nobles and aristocrats
c) benefit to society: help society develop economically through innovations productions and technology. *can provide a basis to argue that we've never had a true communist society in the world

2. proletariat: oppressed class, working class. Don't own means of production for the most part-> only one is their labor
a) Exploitation
i. must sell their labor to the bourgeoisie--> only choice because it's the only way they can survive (Get wages in exchange for labor to purchase what they need to survive)
ii. surplus value: value of object is based on the labor it takes to create the object. Sell the object for what it takes to create it, but wages the workers are less than value. Difference between value and wages given to workers= surplus value
b) alienation: capitalism and especially the division of labor creates alienation among the workers. Alienate them from..
i. each other--> see each other as competitors for wages. Few that make it become managers and are alienated from workers because they are making the rules
ii. the products of their labor--> have no control over what they're producing.
iii. their species-being--> alienated from their true selves. Human beings by nature are productive creatures. Nature is to produce those things that allow us to survive and shape the world in which we live. (alienates people from the process/from our true nature)
iv. fellow humans--> all relationships are structured for a bourgeoisie society and economic relations

*alienation is a bad thing