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Limited Government

government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certian rights that governement cannot take away

Magna Carta

A document King John was forced to sign that included fundamental rights for the people such as trial by jury and due process of law

Petition of rights

limited the king's power

English BIll of Rights

like ours included guaranteees such as the right to a fiair trial, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment


the first colony of the 13 original colonies


the last colony of the 13 originial colonies

Royal Colonies

subject to the direct control of the Crown


the basis on which each colony was formed. It's a written grant of authority from the king.


two law making chambers


represents the people of the state amount is based on population. Oregon has 5. 435 representatives in total.


representing states as a whole. each state has two. 100 in total.


a joing of several groups for a common purpose.



Popualr Sovereignty

government can exist only with the consent of the goverened.

Limited Government

States did not want o giveup too much independence to a new central government.

Separation of Powers

law making, enforcing, and interpreting funcitons of government should be in the hands of different groups.

Checks and Balances

each branch of government would be able to counter the power of the other so that no one branch will have all the authority.

Dual Sovereignty

States and federal government may make laws - sate and local laws may no conflict with federal law or the federal constitution.


The people being ruled have little or no say in their rulers or the rules.


People being ruled have direct voting control over all the rule makers and rules.

Direct Democracy

People being ruled have a direct voitng contol over all rule makers and rules.

Indirect Democracy

People being governed select the empowered individuals within their community to represent their intrests in government by passage of laws.

Expressed Powers

Powers that are peleed out in the constitution.

Exclusive Powers

Powers that are the domain of one level of government branch. (ex: only congress, in the federal government, has the power to declare war.)

Concurrent Powers

Powers that are possed by both the state and federal governments, (ex: taxation, regulation of minimum wage.)

Reserved Powers

Powers left to the states. (ex: marriage, driving.)

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