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26 terms

2nd Bailey Civics Test

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Limited Government
government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certian rights that governement cannot take away
Magna Carta
A document King John was forced to sign that included fundamental rights for the people such as trial by jury and due process of law
Petition of rights
limited the king's power
English BIll of Rights
like ours included guaranteees such as the right to a fiair trial, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
Virginia
the first colony of the 13 original colonies
Georgia
the last colony of the 13 originial colonies
Royal Colonies
subject to the direct control of the Crown
Charter
the basis on which each colony was formed. It's a written grant of authority from the king.
Bicameral
two law making chambers
House
represents the people of the state amount is based on population. Oregon has 5. 435 representatives in total.
Senate
representing states as a whole. each state has two. 100 in total.
Confederation
a joing of several groups for a common purpose.
Delegates
representatives
Popualr Sovereignty
government can exist only with the consent of the goverened.
Limited Government
States did not want o giveup too much independence to a new central government.
Separation of Powers
law making, enforcing, and interpreting funcitons of government should be in the hands of different groups.
Checks and Balances
each branch of government would be able to counter the power of the other so that no one branch will have all the authority.
Dual Sovereignty
States and federal government may make laws - sate and local laws may no conflict with federal law or the federal constitution.
Dictatorship
The people being ruled have little or no say in their rulers or the rules.
Democracy
People being ruled have direct voting control over all the rule makers and rules.
Direct Democracy
People being ruled have a direct voitng contol over all rule makers and rules.
Indirect Democracy
People being governed select the empowered individuals within their community to represent their intrests in government by passage of laws.
Expressed Powers
Powers that are peleed out in the constitution.
Exclusive Powers
Powers that are the domain of one level of government branch. (ex: only congress, in the federal government, has the power to declare war.)
Concurrent Powers
Powers that are possed by both the state and federal governments, (ex: taxation, regulation of minimum wage.)
Reserved Powers
Powers left to the states. (ex: marriage, driving.)