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government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certian rights that governement cannot take away
A document King John was forced to sign that included fundamental rights for the people such as trial by jury and due process of law
English BIll of Rights
like ours included guaranteees such as the right to a fiair trial, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
represents the people of the state amount is based on population. Oregon has 5. 435 representatives in total.
Separation of Powers
law making, enforcing, and interpreting funcitons of government should be in the hands of different groups.
Checks and Balances
each branch of government would be able to counter the power of the other so that no one branch will have all the authority.
States and federal government may make laws - sate and local laws may no conflict with federal law or the federal constitution.
People being governed select the empowered individuals within their community to represent their intrests in government by passage of laws.
Powers that are the domain of one level of government branch. (ex: only congress, in the federal government, has the power to declare war.)
Powers that are possed by both the state and federal governments, (ex: taxation, regulation of minimum wage.)
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