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the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time


the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation

catastrophic events

large scale disasters

rain shadow

an area that has little precipitation because some barrier causes the winds to lose their moisture before reaching it

water cycle

the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back

coriolis effect

(physics) an effect whereby a body moving in a rotating frame of reference experiences the Coriolis force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation


the property of being close together


chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vividness of hue


Small particles of dust released into the atmosphere by many natural processes and human activities

sun angle

Angle formed between sunlight approaching the earth's surface and the surface itself


an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

el nino

(oceanography) a warm ocean current that flows along the equator from the date line and south off the coast of Ecuador at Christmas time

ice cores

pieces of ice used to track earths past weather

tree rings

date lines that determine the age of a tree


a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing

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