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15 terms

vocab

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climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
weather
the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
el nino
(oceanography) a warm ocean current that flows along the equator from the date line and south off the coast of Ecuador at Christmas time, (oceanography) a warm ocean current that flows along the equator from the date line and south off the coast of Ecuador at Christmas time
catastrophic event
powerful, dramatic forces that have a major effect on our planet and all living things on Earth.
rain shadow
an area that has little precipitation because some barrier causes the winds to lose their moisture before reaching it
ice cores
pieces of ice used to track earths past weather
water cycle
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
tree rings
date lines that determine the age of a tree
coriolis effect
(physics) an effect whereby a body moving in a rotating frame of reference experiences the Coriolis force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation
proximity
the property of being close together, the property of being close together
atmosphere
a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing
intensity
chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vividness of hue
particulates
Small particles of dust released into the atmosphere by many natural processes and human activities
sun angle
Angle formed between sunlight approaching the earth's surface and the surface itself