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86 terms

Ender's Game Vocabulary

Ender's Game reading comprehension vocabulary set.
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abject
utterly hopeless, miserable, despicable or wretched. Example: He lives in abject poverty.
acquiescence
agreement without protest
adulation
excessive praise or admiration
Albedo
percent of solar radiation reflected by a surface
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse. Example: Around the rock the ragged rascal ran.
Annihilation
total destruction. Example: Bomb tests resulted in the annihilation of the city.
Apathy
an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
Arcane
requiring secret or mysterious knowledge. Example: The arcane science of dowsing.
Archaic
antiquated, from an earlier time; outdated
Ascetic
practicing great self-denial. Example: "Be systematically ascetic...do...something for no other reason than that you would rather not do it"- William James; "a desert nomad's austere life"; "a spartan diet"; "a spartan existence"
Astrogation
To navigate in outer space.
Attrition
a wearing down to weaken or destroy. Example: "a war of attrition".
Autonomy
self-government, political control
Commiserate
to feel or express sympathy or compassion
Compassion
the humane quality of understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it
Contempt
lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike. Example: "he was held in contempt"; "the despite in which outsiders were held is legendary"
Corroborate
establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts. Example: "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant or the evidence corroborates the defendant."
Court Martial
a trial that is conducted by a military court
Demagogue
A leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
Denunciation
expression of strong disapproval made openly or publicly.
Derisive
abusing vocally. Example: expressing contempt or ridicule; "derisive laughter"; "a jeering crowd"; "her mocking smile"; "taunting shouts of 'coward' and 'sissy'"
Dessicated
dried up, dehydrated
Dirigible
a steerable self-propelled airship
Disingenuous
Lacking in candor, giving false appearance of simple frankness. Not genuine.
Empathy
understanding and entering into another's feelings
Errant
straying from the right course or from accepted standards. Example: "errant youngsters"
Excruciating
causing great pain or anguish; agonizing; unbearably painful
Exhilarated
made joyful. Example: "the sun and the wind on his back made him feel exhilarated--happy to be alive"
Exigencies
urgent situations, pressing needs
Extenuating
partially excusing or justifying. Example: "extenuating circumstances"
Extraneous
coming from the outside. Example: "extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph"; "relying upon an extraneous income"; "disdaining outside pressure groups"
Extricate
(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort. Example: "I cannot extricate myself from this task"
Fastidious
giving and careful attention to detail. Example: hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness; "a fastidious and incisive intellect"; "fastidious about personal cleanliness"
Feint
any distracting or deceptive maneuver (as a mock attack)
Fiat
an official order
Flotilla
a fleet of small craft
Hegemony
the domination of one state over its allies
Helot
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
Immobility
remaining in place
Impassive
having or revealing little emotion or sensibility. Example: "deadpan humor"; "his face remained expressionless as the verdict was read"
Improvise
perform without preparation. Example: do with whatever is at hand; "after the hurricane destroyed our house, we had to improvise for weeks"
Incognito
(adj., adv.) in a disguised state, under an assumed name or identity; (n.) the state of being disguised; a person in disguise.
Incredulous
not disposed or willing to believe. Example: unbelieving
Ineptitude
unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
Inscrutable
incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically
Insubordinate
not submissive to authority. Example: "a history of insubordinate behavior"; "insubordinate boys"
Intelligentsia
an educated and intellectual elite
Invective
abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will
Itinerant
an itinerant laborer who works for a short time in various places
Littoral
the region of the shore of a lake or sea or ocean
Maladroit
not adroit. Example: "a maladroit movement of his hand caused the car to swerve"; "a maladroit translation"; "maladroit propaganda"
Malicious
wishing or appearing to wish evil to others. Example: arising from intense ill will or hatred; "a gossipy malevolent old woman"; "failure made him malevolent toward those who were successful"
Malleable
easily influenced
Martyr
a person who dies for a cause
Megalomania
(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality
Melodramatic
overly dramatic
Mockery
act of making fun of someone or something
Negligence
the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern
Nonchalance
indifference; lack of concern; composure
Oblivion
total forgetfulness. Example: "he sought the great oblivion of sleep"
Optimum
best; most favorable; ideal
Ostentatious
intended to attract notice and impress others. Example: "an ostentatious sable coat"
Oust
remove and replace. Example: "The word processor has ousted the typewriter"
Percolate
to cause (a liquid) to pass through a porous body; filter
Peripheral
on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary. Example: the outer area; "Russia's peripheral provinces"; "peripheral suburbs"
Petulant
peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
Preemptive
done before others can act
Prostrate
render helpless or defenseless. Example: "They prostrated the enemy"
Provocateur
a secret agent who incites suspected persons to commit illegal acts
Pseudonym
a fictitious name used by an author; a pen name
Puerile
Childish; immature
Pupa
an insect in the inactive stage of development (when it is not feeding) intermediate between larva and adult
Reprisal
a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime
Requisition
seizing property that belongs to someone else and holding it until profits pay the demand for which it was seized
Rictus
a gaping grin or grimace
Sadism
Get pleasure from inflicting pain
Skirmish
a minor short-term fight
Stalemate
a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible. Example: "reached an impasse on the negotiations"
Subservient
Subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote some end
Tactician
a person who is skilled at planning tactics
Tepid
lukewarm
Unconscionable
unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust
Unstintingly
not holding back
Vertigo
a reeling sensation. Example: feeling about to fall
Vestigial
something in an underdeveloped form
Vivisect
to dissect the living body of an animal