Western Art Appreciation
Terms in this set (53)
A good example of a Surrealist poetic object is?
Object (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim
The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, is?
the Louvre in Paris.
Which art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud's theories of the unconscious?
In their paintings, the Impressionists often focused on
scenes of leisure involving the middle class.
Eugène Delacroix was a leading practitioner of the
A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was
the Industrial Revolution.
Edouard Manet considered the annual Salon of Paris to be an artist's only true "field of battle." What was the Salon of Paris?
a juried exhibition sponsored by the French government
Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, "You were born to ________."
The recent manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century European artists to make painting a portable activity. The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by ________ artists.
Which of the following is an American artist?
All these answers are correct.
Marcel Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art. He called this art form
How did Impressionism get its name?
A critic used the term to degrade the movement after seeing the painting Impression: Sunrise, and it caught on.
Paul Cézanne's emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of
Romantic art stresses
drama, unbridled emotions, and complex compositions.
Vasili Kandinsky became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when he
mistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectacular beauty.
Which of the following artists was a Realist?
The term Post-Impressionism refers to
a neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of Impressionism.
Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) from
Renaissance works of art.
Pointillism is a technique developed by
If Fauvism's mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, Cubism's initial aim was
all of these: to reduce the role of color to a minimum; to invent a new system for depicting form and space on a flat surface; and to find a way of representing the fact that human perception involves multiple viewpoints.
What specific invention made it possible for 19th century European artists to make painting a portable activity?
oil paint in tubes
What does the word Renaissance literally mean?
What are the approximate dates for the High Renaissance?
Name two of the three most prominent artists during the High Renaissance?
Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael.
T or F: Fauvism is known for its realistic, subdued use of color.
What is the term for a good luck charm?
With what type of architecture is the flying buttress associated? Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, or Baroque?
Who is considered the artist of the first modern painting?
What is the name of his painting that shocked the art world?
Luncheon on the Grass
What is a kiln?
Oven for firing pottery.
Which of the following painters expressed the most emotion through his brush strokes? Monet, Renoir, Degas, or Van Gogh?
What is Van Gogh believed to have eaten on a regular basis?
What European country dominated the art scene in the 19th century?
In what country did the Renaissance begin?
What country has dominated the art scene since the 20th century?
Name an early Christian symbol for everlasting life?
What period of art was dominated by unnaturally elongated figures, distortion of space, and a strange color palette?
. Edgar Degas is most famous for his pastels of ___________________.
What artist hung out in night clubs and bars in the seedy part of Paris and created posters?
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
What type of art was used by the Catholic Church as a propaganda tool during the Counter-Reformation?
Name the three orders of classical Greek art
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian.
. Marcel Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely designates an object as art. This is called:
the Machine Aesthetic, automatism, pointillism, ready-mades, instantaneous art
T or F: Typical subject matter in Neo-Classic art is scenes of peasants and livestock.
T or F: The Romans copied many of their statues from originals crafted by the ancient Greeks.
Why don't we have many bronze statues from Antiquity today?
They were melted down for to make coin or weapons; early Christians destroyed those they thought were depictions of pagans
What's an equestrian statue?
a person on horseback
Who created the first equestrian statue?
Which is heavier, darker, and more massive: Romanesque or Gothic architecture?
In what art style is the subject matter broken down and reassembled in abstract form?
What philosophy puts man at the center of all things?
What does plein air mean?
Out of doors
T or F: One of the intents of abstract expressionism is to NOT have a focal point.
Who developed the technique called sfumato?