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New Testament Study Questions 22-24
Terms in this set (26)
What is the central theme of Hebrews?
Trust in the Lord and stand your ground (warn the readers not to turn back to Judaism)
Why can Hebrews be called a sermonic Epistle?
not written like a letter (no formal greetings) and his work is a "word of exhortation"
What elements in Hebrews would be unusual for an Epistle?
In what sense is Hebrews critical of OT religion? Is this an attack on the OT itself?
It attacks a false conception of faith in God that too often prevailed in OT times, not the OT or its message in itself.
How does Hebrews use warnings and encouragement to appeal for perseverance?
- encouragement: Christ himself stands ready to give assistance.
- warning: we need to hold firmly till the end
Does James's view of faith and works ultimately contradict Paul's teachings on this subject? Why or why not?
- James -> a person is justified by what he does and not by faith alone.
- Paul -> a man is justified by faith apart from observing the law
- It does not contradict when seen in their own contexts. Paul is responding to the "salvation is earned by human merit" error while James addresses the error that equates faith with mere assent to certain doctrinal truths -> even demons have this faith.
What seems to be the major point of James's Epistle?
James emphasizes the importance of practicing the Christian faith, not merely "believing" it
Who was Peter? Briefly outline his life.
- mentioned over 150 times in NT
- grew up in Bethsaida along coast of Sea of Galilee, where he and his brother Andrew were fishermen
- introduced to Jesus by Andrew and given new name (Simon- Peter or Rock)
- appointed as one of the 12 apostles
- spokesman for the twelve
- man of great strength and courage but given to exaggerated self-confidence
- his faith was strengthened by seeing the risen Christ
- At Pentecost, Peter preached the first sermon
- leader in the Jerusalem church
- an apostle to the Jews, helped open the church to the Gentiles
- traveled as a missionary in Asia Minor and "Babylon"
- Tradition puts his death in Rome by crucifixion, around same time as Paul
What comfort does Peter offer to his suffering friends?
Peter reminds them that christ also suffered and that they were participating in the suffering of Christ (4:13). And because it was God's will that christ had suffered, they are suffering according to the will of God.
How is the pilgrim-believer to live?
live as members of the world to which we ultimately belong, not as though enslaved by this one.
What is the supreme goal of the believer?
to follow Christ.
What has God given us for our Christian life?
everything we need
What does Peter say about the end of the age?
the coming of christ is according to God's time (different than ours). It is a sign of God's patience (He is not in a hurry to destroy the earth, He wants people to repent).
- Fiery destruction of the existing cosmic order, replace sinful world order with "a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness", endure throughout eternity.
Who was John? Briefly outline his life.
He grew up in Galilee, where his father Zebedee was a wealthy fisherman. Mother's name was Salome (later accompanied Jesus on some of his travels)
- John was a disciple of John the Baptist, but followed Jesus after His baptism
What is the "New Commandment" and what does John say about it?
the new commandment is to walk in the love of Christ. Must confess sin and be cleansed by the blood of Christ to restore our fellowship with God
John urges believers to forsake sin. What basis does he give for this command in 1 Jn 3:8?
to love one another. This is because Christ dwells in us, the love of God dwells in us and we may loves those around us. Because he loved us we must love others
How would summarize the teaching of this small letter (2 John)?
john underscores the necessity of walking in love, repeating the statement no new command already know- warns about those who deny humanity and the deity of christ
What are the major points of 3 John?
1. The elder addresses Gaius in Love
2. Love must Prevail in the circle of the truth
3. Peace should prevail among friends
Who was Jude? Briefly outline his life.
Identifies himself as the author of the Epistles bearing his name
2. Reason for writing
3. God's judgment in the Past
4. Warning against False Teachers
5. A call to persevere
How would you summarize the teaching of Jude?
to resist evildoers that want to destroy the church and Protect God's creation and people
What are some possible reasons that Revelation is sometimes avoided?
They never read it. They are either afraid of it or think they cannot possibly understand it. This unfortunate because from the early days of the church this book was turned to times of persecution as strength & encouragement.
Give one of the four major theories of the interpretation of Revelation.
3. Dispositional premillennial view
4. postmillennial view
What does Revelation teach about God?
That God exists, has created the universe, is guiding the course of its history, has overcome evil, and will bring everything to a triumphant conclusion
What does Revelation teach about the Son of God?
he is the savior of the world
What does the subject of eschatology have to say to us today as we live our daily lives?
will be one of service and great trial. His faithful followers will triumph as well and will triumph with him
Look up the references to Jesus as lion and lamb. Describe in detail what each image signifies.
Lamb- Suffering servant (worship from Saints & glory & honor forever)
lion- ruling Sovereign
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Encountering New Testament (part 2 Study Questions)
Encountering the NT (part 3 Study Questions)
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New Testament Final Study Questions 18-21
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