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*Longest river in the world located in Africa (4,150 miles)
*Flows northward and empties into the Mediterranean Sea
*Overflows once a year
Irrigation System - channels and dikes
watering of dry land by means of
channels-lets water flow
dikes-stop the flow of water
triangle (or fan shape) fertile marshy land at the mouth of a river -
*Most egyptians lived in the Delta
a small village north of the Thebes the Capital of Egypt - the soil here is replenished when Nile floods
the plague of locusts is when the sky turns blackened by insects and ate everything in their path
Shait, season of inundation
Mid July to October
waters of the Nile flood and bring silt to make fertile soil
Shemu, season of the harvest
February to May
Crops are gathered by members of the family and great feasts are planned
How did Egyptian farmers control the waters of the Nile?
*used irrigation through a series of canals, dikes and irrigation ditches
*trapped floodwaters from river -saved in basins
*used shaouf to lift the water from Nile to basin
*farmers depended on the flooding to grow crops
Where is the only land with soil able to grow crops?
along the banks of the Nile - known as the fertile valley - fertile land crops grow well and plenty to eat - floodwaters carried silt which enriched soil
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