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19 terms

RECONSTRUCTION Terms and People

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TERMS
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BLACK CODES
Laws that restricted freedmen's rights
CARPETBAGGERS
Negative nickname for a northerner who moved to the South after the Civil War to take advantage of the unsettled conditions there
DE FACTO SEGREGATION
Segregation caused by social conditions such as poverty
DE JURE SEGREGATION
Segregation created by law
FREEDMEN'S BUREAU
Organization that helped newly freed slaves find housing, jobs and schooling
IMPEACHMENT OF ANDREW JOHNSON
Radical Republicans accused Andrew Johnson of violating the Tenure of Office Act
LYNCH
Murder of a person by a mob (lynch mob)
SCALAWAGS
Negative nickname meaning a white Southern Republican who sided with Northern interest
SEGREGATION
Forced separation oftentimes by race
SHARECROPPING
a system of farming in which a farmer works a portion of a plantation owner's land and receives a share of the crop at harvest time as payment
TENURE OF OFFICE ACT
Passed after Lincoln's assassination that required Andrew Johnson to seek approval from the Senate before removing a member of his Cabinet.
PEOPLE
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ABRAHAM LINCOLN
16th president whose death gave rise to the power of the Radical Republicans
ANDREW JOHNSON
17th president who was impeached (voted out of) by the Radical Republicans
JOHN WILKES BOOTH
Assassinated President Lincoln
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES
His election led to the end of reconstruction in the South
SAMUEL TILDEN
Won the popular vote but lost the election of 1878
THADDEUS STEPHENS
Leader of the Radical Republicans