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Intro to Crim Final 12
Terms in this set (42)
What type of inmate labor system allows private businesses to rent inmates for labor?
The ________ is a control mechanism used by correctional administrators at regular intervals throughout the day.
Which of the following is a characteristic of jails?
hold suspects following arrest and pending trial
Terms like convict bogey and lock psychosis were popular during what prison era?
The rate of imprisonment of black males is about ________ greater than that of white males.
What is the most common category for which inmates have been sentenced to state prisons?
What type of inmate labor system operates in the federal system?
________ incapacitation seeks to identify the most dangerous criminals.
Jails that are built and run using the combined resources of a variety of local jurisdictions are called:
What early correctional leader developed a system of marks through which prisoners could earn credits to buy their freedom?
Captain Alexander Maconochie
The Federal Prison Rehabilitation Act of 1965 authorized ________ for federal prisoners.
What era was based on the medical model of corrections?
Rhodes v. Chapman held that overcrowding in prisons is not by itself:
cruel and unusual punishment.
The majority of offenders housed in federal institutions have been convicted of:
What is the name of the jail strategy that joins "pod architecture" with a participative, proactive management philosophy?
The largest growth group in jails nationwide is:
A dormitory-like setting, private rooms, and unarmed correctional officers are characteristic of ________ security institutions.
The Auburn system of imprisonment became popular during which prison era?
A private prison:
is operated by a private firm on behalf of government.
________ incapacitation is a strategy that would imprison almost all serious offenders.
During the early decades of the twentieth century, there was opposition to prison industries primarily because they:
threatened the jobs of workers.
Which prison era emphasized security and was based on the belief that prisoners owed a debt to society?
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter provides an example of what type of punishment?
The current era of imprisonment, called the just deserts era, most closely resembles what earlier era?
the punitive era
A product of inmate labor produced under the state-use system would include:
The California Department of Corrections had an unwritten policy of racially segregating prisoners in order to prevent racial violence. In 2005 the U.S. Supreme Court reviewed that policy and held that it:
________ capacity refers to the inmate population the institution was originally built to handle.
Historically, ________ was the most widely used type of physical punishment.
The use of prison chain gangs, the abolition of parole, and taking away some of the "comforts" of prison are aspects of which era of imprisonment?
________ capacity is the number of inmates that a facility can effectively accommodate based on an appraisal of the institution's staff, programs, and services.
Quakers, penance, and the Pennsylvania style of imprisonment are tied to the ________ era.
Who created the Irish system of imprisonment?
Sir Walter Crofton
AIMS is the best known:
internal classification system.
The Pennsylvania style of imprisonment was characterized by:
solitary confinement and individual cells.
Federal Prison Industries, responsible for prison labor opportunities in the federal prison system, is also called:
The historical prison era that focused on providing treatment to inmates outside of prisons was:
the community-based era.
ADMAX or Administrative maximum is the term used by the federal government to denote:
A state or federal confinement facility that has custodial authority over adults sentenced to confinement.
In what year did the last officially sanctioned flogging of a criminal offender happen in the United States?
The stocks and the pillory are examples of what type of punishment?
Which early punishment was primarily a strategy of specific deterrence because it made it difficult for individuals to commit future crimes?
All death row inmates are in:
This set is often in folders with...
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