15 terms

Cognitive Ch 10

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Terms in this set (...)

Aphasia
An impairment of language functioning caused by damage to the brain
Bilinguals
People who can speak two languages
Cooperative principle
Principle in conversation that holds that we seek to communicate in ways that make it easy for our listener to understand what we mean
Dialect
A regional variety of a language distinguished by features such as vocabulary, syntax, and pronunciation
Dual-system hypothesis
Suggests that two languages are represented somehow in separate systems of the mind
Indirect requests
The making of a request without doing so straightforwardly
Linguistic relativity
The assertion that speakers of different languages have differing cognitive systems and that these different cognitive systems influence the ways in which people speaking the various languages think about the world
Linguistic universals
Characteristic patterns across all languages of various cultures
Metaphors
Two nouns juxtaposed in a way that positively asserts their similarities, while not disconfirming their dissimilarities
Monolinguals
People who can speak only one language
Pragmatics
The transmission of meaning depends not only on the linguistic knowledge (e.g. lexicon, syntax) of the speaker and listener, but also on the context of the utterance, knowledge about the status of those involved, and the inferred intent of the speaker.
Similes
Introduces the word like or as into a comparison between items
Single-system hypothesis
Suggests that the two languages are represented in just one system
Slips of the tongue
Inadvertent linguistic errors in what we say, may occur at any level of linguistic analysis
Speech acts
Addresses the question of what you can accomplish with speech