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Seconda Practtica

Monteverdi's term for a practice of counterpoint and composition that allows the rules of sixteenth-century counterpoint to be broken in order to express the feelings of a text

Stile Rappresentativo

Italian for "representational style"; term used by Florentine Camerata to describe monodic style; recitative-like melody moving freely over a foundation of simple chords; music meant to heighten emotional power of text

Concerto for few voices

sacred concerto that uniteds voices with instruments; used only for one or two voices with basso continuo

Giovanni Maria Artusi

Published L'Artusi overo delle imperfettioni della moderna musica where he criticized Monteverdi's madrigals that use dissonance

Lousi XIV

(1643-1715) succeeded to the throne at age 5 on the death of his father, but until he was 23 his mother Mazarin ruled France. Louis took the reins when his mother died in 1661. He called himself "the sun king." He centralized the arts and sciences establishing royal academies of sculpture and painting, dance, literature, the sciences, opera, and architecture and granting each academy the authority to oversee endeavors in its field


In TRAGéDIE EN MUSIQUE, a long interlude of BALLET, solo AIRS, choral singing, and spectacle, intended as entertainment. Performed between the acts of plays


a term used for the melodic ornaments in french music; generally indicated by signs or abbreviations


BAROQUE term for a set of VARIATIONS on a MELODY or BASS line.

Trio Sonata

Common instrumental genre during the baroque period, a sonata for two treble instruments (usually violins) above a basso continuo. A performance featured four or more players if more than one was used for the continuo part.

Ritornello Form

compositional form usually used in the baroque concerto grosso, in which the tutti plays a ritornello, or refrain, alternating with one or more soloists playing new material

bel canto

Elegant Italian vocal style marked by lyrical, embellished, and floried melodies that show off teh beauty, agility, and fluency of the singer's voice

Royal Academy of Music

Handel's opera compay, one of two producing Italian opera in eighteenth-century London. Performances were at the King's Theatre in the Haymarket


is the name for the bowing when there is a repeated note, often as open string, in between changing notes.
8. Sul Tasto: To be played on the fingerboard

Pio Ospedale della Pieta

Vivaldi was a teacher, composer, conductor, and superintendent of music instruments. One of 4 hospitals in Venice homes for orphaned illegitimate or poor boys and girls. Ran like a restrictive boarding school and provided excellent instruction in music to those girls who showed talent. Similar to conservatories.


Palace constructed by Louis XIV outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility



Tutti, Ripieno

In both the concerto and the concerto grosso, designates the full orchestra

30 years war

(1618-1648) Bourbon vs. Habsburg War between the Protestant Union and the Catholic League in the Holy Roman Empire; each religion fought to stop the advance of the other

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