Religion (Chapters 4,5, and 6)
Terms in this set (48)
Religion with which the myth Enuma elish is associated
Literal meaning of Enuma elish
"When on high"
Who is Tiamat in the story Enuma elish; what is her role in the creation of the universe?
She is the old hag, the first mother, and she creates monsters
The main hero in the myth Enuma elish; what are some of his titles; his role in the creation of the universe
Marduk; King of kings, lord of lords, almighty god, deliverer, and king of the cosmos
Out of what are humans made according to the Enuma elish story?
The blood of the demon captain; For serving the gods
Major organizational forms of Judaism
Reform, Conservative, Orthodox, Hasidic, and Reconstructionist
What is the Torah?
First 5 books of the Hebrew Bible
Meaning of YHWH
"I am who I am"
Meaning of Adonai
The culminating plague in the Exodus story
The killing of the firstborn sons
Cosmogonic or cosmological myths
Myths about the origin and order of the universe
Myths about the end of the world
Religious functions of myths
Religious, Social, Psychological, Expressive, and Ideological
Kessler's 5 theories of myth
Rationalistic, Functional, Symbolic, Phenomenological, and Structuralist
Michael Ruse's four ways in which science and religion relate
Opposition, Separation, Dialogue, and Integration
Four main classes of ancient Indian society
Priestly, Warrior, Commoner, and Servant
Culture with which the Akitu festival is associated
Four stages of seasonal ritual according to Theodore Gaster
Mortification, Purgation, Invigoration, and Jubilation
With what sacred time is Mardi Gras associated?
Meaning of Ishna Ta Awi Cha Lowan and with what human experience is it associated
"They sing over her menses"
Meaning of Wakan Tanka
Three phases of ritual according to Arnold van Gennep
Separation, transition, and incorporation
"liminal" stage of Victor Turner
Used to characterize the phase of transition and argued it is characterized by "communitas"
Bruce Lincoln's view of girls' initiation rites
There is no liminal state for girls
5 types of rituals in Kessler and their meaning
Technological, Therapeutic and Antitherapeutic, Ideological, Salvation, and Revitalization
Explanations of sacrifice in Kessler and their meaning
Exchanges and thanksgiving, Substitutions, Ways to channel and disguise violence, reenactments of primal events, and communication between humans and superhumans
Define "seder" and when and where does it occur
"Order of service" ; occurs in the home on the first night of the seven-day holiday of Passover
Jewish holiday with which the seder is connected
Jewish king who made Passover a public ritual
"Axis of the world" ; connects heaven, earth, and the underworld
3 peaks of Mt. Kilimanjaro
Location of Mt. Kilimanjaro
Northern Tanzania (Africa)
What is the Dreamtime according to Aborigines?
An age of unprecedented creative power when everything we know today originated
What happens if the Dreamtime ceases to be celebrated in the belief system of the Aborigines?
The present and future will die
3 functions of sacred time and space
1. Provide spatial and temporal openings to superhuman power
2. Establish spatial and temporal boundaries
3. Orient people in time and space
Meaning of iconoclastic
Sylish, artsy, ornamental, etc.
The drive to make the material sacred
The drive to distance the divine from the material
Two most radically iconoclastic religions
Judaism and Islam
Literal meaning of "synagogue"
What do music and religion have in common?
A revelation of something special and otherworldly
What is a cathedral?
Christian churches that contain the cathedra (throne) of a bishop
What is a narthex?
Porch area right inside the doors of a Cathedral
What is a nave?
Where the lay worshipers stand facing east toward the choir and sanctuary; also contains the high altar
7 sacraments of the Catholic Church
Baptism, Confirmation, the mass that celebrated the Eucharist, penance, holy matrimony, holy orders, and anointing of the sick
Major seasons of the church year
Advent, Christ Mass, Epiphany, Lent
How is the date for Easter is determined?
Easter occurs on the first Sunday, after the first full moon, after the first day of spring (spring equinox)
How is the date for Christmas determined?
Christmas is determined by celebrating the sun