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15 terms

Chapter 19- Socioemotional Development in Late Adulthood

Bold terms and key concepts
STUDY
PLAY
Integrity versus despair
Eriksons 8th and final stage of development, which individuals experience in late adulthood. This involves reflecting on the ast and either piecing together a positive review or concluding
that one's life has not been well spent.
integrity
retrospective glances and reminiscences will reveal a picture of a life well spent and the older adult will be satisfied
despair
if the older adult resolved one or more of the earlier stages in a negative way (being socially isolated in early adulthood or stagnated in middle adulthood), retrospective glances about total worth of his or her life might be negative
Active Theory
the theory that the more active and involved oldr adults are, the more likely they are to be satisfied with their lives
socioemotional selectivity theory
the theory that older adults become more selective about their social networks. b/c they place a high vale on emo satisfaction, older adults often spend more time w.familiar individuals whit whom they have had rewarding relationships. this theory challenges that adults are in emotional despair b/c of their social isolation, but rather they choose to only spend time with close fam/friends
selective optimization with compensation theory
the theory that successful aging is r/t 3 main factors: selection, optimization and compensation
selection
based on the concept that older adults have a reduced capacity and loss of functioning which requires a possible reduction in performance for most life domains
optimization
suggest that it is possible to maintain performance in some areas thro continued practice and the use of new technologies
compensation
becomes relevant when life tasks require a level of capacity beyond the current level of the older adults performance potential
possible selves
what individuals might become, what they would like to become and what they are afraid of becoming...acceptance of ideal and future selves dec and acceptance of past selves inc in older adults
ageism
prejudice against others b/c of their age, esp prejudice against older adults; perceived as incapable of thinking clearly, learning new things, enjoying sex, contributing to the community or holding responsible jobs
eldercare
physical and emotional care-taking for older members of the family, whether by giving day-to-day physical assistance or by being responsible for overseeing such care; how is this care provided b/c ppl are getting older and living longer
generational inequity
the view that our aging society is being unfair to its younger members b/c older adults pile up advantages by receiving inequitably large allocations of resources
convoy model of social relations
model in which individuals go thro life embedded in a personal network of individual to whom they give and from whom they receive support
4 theories of socioemotional development
1. erikson's theory
2. activity theory
3. socioemotional selectivity theory
4. selective optimizaiton with compensation theory