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16 terms

AP Gov Key Terms - Chapter 7

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bureaucracy
the complex structure of offices, tasks, rules, and principles of organization that are employed by all large-scale institutions to coordinate the work of their personell
implementation
the efforts of departments and agencies to translate laws into specific bureaucratic routines
rule-making
A quasi-legislative administrative process that produces regulations by government agencies
administrative adjudiction
the application rules and precedents to specific cases to settle disputes with regulated parties
clientele agencies
departments or bureaus of government whose mission is to promote, serve, or represent a particular interest
regulatory agencies
departments, bureaus, or independent agencies whose primary mission is to eliminate or restrict certain behaviors defined as negative in themselves or negative in their consequences
administrative legislation
rules made by regulatory agencies and commissions
Federal Reserve System (the Fed)
consisting of twelve Federal Reserve districts, the Fed facilitates exchanges of cash, checks and credit; it regulates member banks; and it uses monetary policies to fight inflation and deflation
bureaucratic drift
the oft-observed phenomenon of bureaucratic implementation that produces policy more to the liking of the bureacracy than to the original intention of the legislation that created it, but without triggering a political reaction from elected officials
coalition drift
the prospect that enacted policy will change because the composition of the enacting coaltion is temporary and provisional
oversight
the effort by Congress, through hearings, investigations, and other techniques, to exercise control over the activities of executive agencies
deregulation
the policy of reducing or eliminating regulatory restraints on the conduct of individuals or private institutions
devolution
the policy of removing a program from one level of government by deregulating it or passing it down to a lower level, such as from the national government to the state and local governments
privatization
the act of moving all or part of a program from the public sector to the private sector
police patrol oversignt
Congress systematically initiates investigation into the activity of agencies
fire alarm
members of Congress do not initiate investigations but wait for adversely affected citizens or interest groups to bring bureaucratic perversions of legislative intent to the relevent Congressional committee