U07 B2.2 (Gold First) : FCE Transformations - modal verbs of speculation
Terms in this set (...)
he might not be playing
The goalkeeper was injured, so maybe he isn't playing today.
The goalkeeper was injured so ______ today.
must have been pleased
I'm sure you were pleased to get home after such a terrible holiday.
You _____ to get home after such a terrible holiday.
can't/couldn't have phoned
I'm sure he didn't phone, because I was at home all day.
He ________, because I was at home all day.
might have stolen your purse
It's possible that someone stole your purse when we were in the restaurant.
Someone _______ when we were in the restaurant.
he may have given up
Tim hasn't had a single cigarette today so perhaps he has stopped smoking completely.
Tim hasn't had a single cigarette today so ______ smoking completely.
'd/had better give/hand in your essay
If you don't let me have your essay tomorrow, there'll be trouble.
You ______ tomorrow or there'll be trouble.
could have committed
It's possible that he committed the crime.
He ___________ the crime
can't have killed/murdered
It's impossible that he killed the man. He was in another country at the time of the murder.
He ________________ the victim.
You have run a very long way. I'm sure you're very tired now.
You've run so far! You ____________ absolutely exhausted.
must be angry
I bet you are angry that he said that. It wasn't fair.
It was unfair of him to say that - you ________.
could not have done
It was impossible to do more to help. You did everything that was possible.
You _____________ more to help.
might have seen
It's possible that they saw you do it.
They ___________ you do it.
might (not) be
It's not clear whether they are telling the truth or not.
They ____________ lying.
may not have told
It's possible that he didn't tell her.
He _____________ her.
Maybe Jack loves Rosie too.
Jack _____________ Rosie too.
may not have been
Perhaps they weren't there at the time.
They _________ there when it happened.
must have felt/been
I'm definite that you felt disappointed by the way your son behaved.
You _______________ disappointed by your son's behaviour.
might have asked her.
I'm not sure if he asked her not. It's possible that he did, but I'm uncertain.
He _______________ her, but I'm not sure.
might have given
It is possible that you gave her the wrong number.
You ______ her the wrong number.
can't have known
It is not possible that Richard knew about this.
Richard ______ about this.
may not have wanted
Perhaps Susan didn't want to come to the party.
Susan ______ to come to the party
could have forgotten
There is a possibility that Mary forgot about the meeting.
Mary ______ about the meeting.
must have been telling
I am certain that he was not telling the truth.
He _______ lies.
he has already seen
He might have seen the film already.
Perhaps ________the film.
must have been driving
There is no doubt that he was driving too fast at the time.
He _________ too fast at the time.
might have been
Perhaps Colin was in the bath when you phoned.
Colin ______ in the bath when you phoned.
must have been responsible
I'm certain he was responsible for this.
He must ______________ for this
can't have done
I'm definite he didn't do it.
He __________ it.
might win the
I'm not sure if we will win the match.
We ________ match.
must have killed him
I'm certain you killed him. I can see it in your eyes.
You ____________. I can see it in your eyes.
Key word transformation
B2.2 Environment Vocabulary p.142 RfF
U7A&B A2.0 Today Grade 3
U8 Proficiency Masterclass Vocabulary
U7 Proficiency Masterclass words describing light
FCE transformations: Gerunds and Infinitives
FCE transformations: past tenses
FCE Transformations: Indirect questions
FCE transformations: Comparatives