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The musical texture of solo singing accompanied by one or more instruments.

Concertato Medium

(from Italian concertare: to reach agreement) In 17th c. music, the combination of voices with one or more instruments, where the instruments do not simply double the voices but play independent parts.


Genre of dramatic music that origninated in the 17th Century, combining narrative, dialogue, and commentary through arias, recitatives, ensembles, choruses, and instrumental music, like an unstaged opera. Usualy on a religious or biblical subject.

Girolamo Mei

He was a Florentine scholar who edited several Greek dramas. He had Contrary view that the enitre text of a Greek radgedy was sung and also concluded that Greek Music consisted of a single melody, sungby a soloist or chorus, with or without accompaniment.


name for a suite-like collection of pieces in the same key. Usually begins with a few pieces in the style of an allemande, courante, and sarabande but also includes many other pieces with fanciful or descriptive titles


A prelude in the style of an improvisation. Based on a theme, fugal piece that is imitated short.

sonata da camera

(Chamber Sonata) Usually a suite of stylized dances, scored for one or more treble instruments and continuo.

Concerto Grosso

Instrumental work that exploits the contrast in sonority between a small ENSEMBLE of solo instruments usually the same forces that appeared in the TRIO SONATA, and a large ENSEMBLE


Performed between acts of a serious Opera or play


"Little Organ Book" written by Johann Sebastian Bach during the period of 1708-1714, which is a set of 45 chorale preludes, and intended as a pedagogical too. Served in church as introductions before the congregation

Giulio Rospigliosi

Helped create libretto writing as a separate craft.

Tragedies Lyriques

Pioneered by Jean-baptiste Lullu, that combined the French classic drama and ballet traditions with music, dances, and spectacles.

Traite de l'harmonie

"Treatise on Harmony" Rameau's principal work and one of the most influential of all theoretical works. In this treatise he synthesized all the theoretical ideas into one work.

Court Ballet

Seventeenth-century French GENRE, an extensive musical-dramatic work with costumes, scenery, poetry, and dance that featured members of the court as well as professional dancers.

Francesca Caccini

composer of vocal chamber music in the 17th century (cantatas). Works include various stypes of song, cantatas, music for court entertainments and one surviving opera: La liberaltone di Ruggiero. Considered to be the 1st female opera composer. Daughter of Giulio Caccini, Highest paid singer at the Medici Court. Her opera was the first Italian opera to be staged outside of italy. Her opera was the first Italian opera to be staged outside of Italy

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