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english

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complex
has 1 independent clause and 1 dependent
compound
has 1 independent and at least 1 dependent
simple sentence
has a complete subject and complete predicate
compound
has 2 or more simple sentences joined by a (,) and a conjuction: AND,BUT or OR
fragment
is a group of words that lacks a subject or a predicate
run-on
is 2 or more complete sentences together
complete predicate
all words on the predicate
simple predicate
the verb
semicolon(;)
can be used for separate 2 parts of the sentence
colon (:)
is used after salutation and to separate hours
dash(---)
sets off information that interrupts the sentences
hyphen(-)
is used in certain compound words
perentheses( )
set off additional information that is not essential
singular demostrative
this & that
plural demostrative
these & those
article
a,an and the
adjectives
is a word that describes the subject
contraction
is a shortened word
negatives
are words that mean "no" or "not"
indefinite
the one that dont refer to an especific
reflexive
singular end on -self and plural on -selves
possessive pronoun
my,mine,your,yours,his,her,hers,its,our,ours,their and theirs
coordinating conjunctions
add AND,BUT and OR for 2 or more subjects
subordinating
add BECAUSE,IF,THEN,WHEN,ALTHOUGHT,BEFORE and AFTER; they are used to link independet clauses
adverbs
tells how,whe or where something happends
comparative
it compare 2 persons;add -er
superlative
it compare 3 or more persons;add -es
linking verbs
be,are,am,was,were,feel,smell,look,became,is,seem,appear and taste
action verb
tells what the subject does
regular
end with s,es and changw y for ies
irregular
if a noun end on if or f change it to v and add es,some are singulars and at the same times plural
direct
is the action verb
indirect
follows the action verb
subject complement
follows the linking verb
past
shows an action that all ready happend
present
what is happening in this moment
future
shows action that will happen
pronouns
take the place of the noun
antecedent
is the noun,which the pronoun refers
subject & verb agreement
singular subjets=verb singular
proper
names a particular thing....
common
names any person,thing...
prepositions
ABOUT, ABOVE, ACROSS, AFTER, AGAINST, AMONG, AROUND AT, BEFORE, BEHIND, BESIDE, BETWEEN, BEYOND, BY DOWN, DURING, EXCEPT, FOR, FROM, IN, INTO, NEAR, OF, OFF, ON, OVER, PAST, THROUGH THROUGHOUT, TO, TOWARDS, UNDER, UNTIL, UP, WITH
subject pronoun
i,you,he,she,it,we and they
object pronoun
me,you,her,it,us and them
singular noun
make a singular noun shows possession,add an apostrophe and a -s
plural noun
they end on -s soput an apostrophe