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Abbreviations for Laboratory Test, Chemistries, and Medical Symbols/Lesson 11

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ABG
arterial blood gas - The doctor ordered an ABG on the cyanotic (blue) patient.
ACP
acute care panel - The doctor ordered an ACP as part of the patient's daily lab work.
BUN
blood urea nitrogen - The BUN level was high on the dialysis patient.
C&S
culture and sensitivity - The doctor ordered a C&S of the patient's green sputum.
CBC
complete blood count - A CBC was ordered for the patient with the flulike symptoms.
chem.
chemistry - The doctor ordered a chem. 24 for the patient's a.m. lab.
CSF
cerebral spinal fluid - The doctor ordered the CSF fluid to be tested for C&S.
CXR
chest X ray - The doctor ordered a CXR for the new orally intubated patient (a breathing tube was inserted through the mouth and into the lower trachea).
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus - The school nurse wanted to know if the children had received their DPT vaccinations.
FBS
fasting blood sugar - The doctor ordered an FBS for the new onset diabetic.
HCT
hematocrit - The doctor ordered a blood transfusion because the patient's HCT was low.
Hgb
hemoglobin - The patient's Hgb was normal two hours after the blood transfusion.
lytes
electrolytes - The doctor ordered lytes on the dehydrated patient.
O&P
ova and parasites - The doctor ordered the stool to be tested for O&P x3 (three seperate specimens are to be obtained.
O2
oxygen - The doctor ordered the patient to be placed on a 50% oxygen face mask (the oxygen content is 50%).
RBC
red blood cells - The patient with anemia had a low RBC count.
TB
tuberculosis - The TB patient was placed on respiratory isolation (specially fitted mask and gloves).
UA
urinalysis - The doctor ordered a UA for the patient with dysuria (painful urination).
WBC
white blood cells - The doctor ordered an antibiotic because the WBCs and the bands were elevated.
Ca
calcium - The doctor ordered a Ca supplement because the patient's Ca level was low.
Cl
chloride - The patient's Cl was normal, but the rest of his electrolytes were a little off.
CRE
creatinine - The CRE level was high on the dialysis patient.
Fe
iron - The doctor ordered an Fe supplement for the anemic female patient.
Glu
glucose - The patient's Glu level was considered normal at 110.
K+
potassium - The doctor ordered a K+ supplement because the patient's K+ level was low.
Na
sodium - The patient's Na level was within normal limits (WNL).
NaHCO3
sodium bicarbonate - The patient's NaHCO3 was slightly low, so the doctor ordered an increase in the ventilator rate. (An increase in rate decreases acid-based CO2. The patient was considered slightly acidic.)
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