Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Chapter 7: Constitutions & Constitutional Regimes Democracies & Nondemocracies


is governance by leaders whose authority is based on a limited mandate from a universal electorate that selects among genuine alternatives and has some rights to political participation and opposition.

Direct Democracy or Participatory Democracy

is government of and by the people-there is active, direct participation by all citizens in the authoritative allocation of values.

Representative Democracy

is a system in which the citizens elect people to represent them in the political process and to allocate values on their behalf for society.

Electoral Democracy

is a political system in which virtually all citizens periodically vote in order to select political leaders from among alternative contenders.

limited mandate

means that the electorate grants the authority to govern for only a short, fixed period of time, and then the electorate has the opportunity to select representatives again.

Liberal Democracy

is when citizens enjoy not only Electoral Democracy but also substantial political rights and civil liberties regarding participation, personal freedoms, and opposition.

criteria for a Democracy

1. legitimate elections
2. genuine choice to elect leaders
3. limited mandate
4. majority government
5.equal rights
6.rule of law
7. fundamental freedoms
8.economic empowerment
9.representative government


the absence of a Limited Mandate

Authoritarian Regimes

1. the absence of a Limited Mandate
2. the political rights and freedoms of citizens are severely limited

Totalitarian Regimes

the allocation of values and its control penetrate into almost every aspect of its people's lives.

Illiberal Democracy

is an electoral democracy but its citizens' political rights and civil liberties are significantly limited.


the body of fundamental laws, rules, and practices that defines the basic structure of government, allocates power among political institutions, and regulates the relationship between citizens and the state.

Constitutional regimes

operate in terms of the rule of law and ensures effective restraints on the power holders.

Written Constitutions

are incorporated in a document or set of documents
-examples are Canada

Unwritten Constitutions

are embedded in statutes, precedents, conventions, and political practices
-examples are UK, Israel, New Zealand

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through
Click to see the original works with their full license.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording