15 terms

Poli Sci 4.1- 1125

Chapter 7: Constitutions & Constitutional Regimes Democracies & Nondemocracies
is governance by leaders whose authority is based on a limited mandate from a universal electorate that selects among genuine alternatives and has some rights to political participation and opposition.
Direct Democracy or Participatory Democracy
is government of and by the people-there is active, direct participation by all citizens in the authoritative allocation of values.
Representative Democracy
is a system in which the citizens elect people to represent them in the political process and to allocate values on their behalf for society.
Electoral Democracy
is a political system in which virtually all citizens periodically vote in order to select political leaders from among alternative contenders.
limited mandate
means that the electorate grants the authority to govern for only a short, fixed period of time, and then the electorate has the opportunity to select representatives again.
Liberal Democracy
is when citizens enjoy not only Electoral Democracy but also substantial political rights and civil liberties regarding participation, personal freedoms, and opposition.
criteria for a Democracy
1. legitimate elections
2. genuine choice to elect leaders
3. limited mandate
4. majority government
5.equal rights
6.rule of law
7. fundamental freedoms
8.economic empowerment
9.representative government
the absence of a Limited Mandate
Authoritarian Regimes
1. the absence of a Limited Mandate
2. the political rights and freedoms of citizens are severely limited
Totalitarian Regimes
the allocation of values and its control penetrate into almost every aspect of its people's lives.
Illiberal Democracy
is an electoral democracy but its citizens' political rights and civil liberties are significantly limited.
the body of fundamental laws, rules, and practices that defines the basic structure of government, allocates power among political institutions, and regulates the relationship between citizens and the state.
Constitutional regimes
operate in terms of the rule of law and ensures effective restraints on the power holders.
Written Constitutions
are incorporated in a document or set of documents
-examples are Canada
Unwritten Constitutions
are embedded in statutes, precedents, conventions, and political practices
-examples are UK, Israel, New Zealand

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