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Psychology Final Review Ch. 5
Terms in this set (21)
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice is called
The Russian physiologist (person who studies the workings of the body) who discovered classical
conditioning through his work on digestion in dogs was
_______________ _________________ is learning that makes a reflex response to a stimulus
other than the original, natural stimulus that normally produces the reflex.
_________________ _________________ a naturally occurring stimulus that leads to
an involuntary response.
_________________ _________________ is an involuntary response to a naturally
occurring or unconditioned stimulus.
A stimulus that becomes able to produce a learned reflex response by being paired with the
original unconditioned stimulus is called a
________________ _________________ is the tendency to respond to a stimulus that is
only similar to the original conditioned stimulus with the conditioned response.
_________________ _________________ the tendency to stop making a
generalized response to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus because
the similar stimulus is never paired with the unconditioned stimulus.
A ________________ is any event or object that, when following a response, increases the
likelihood of that response occurring again.
The reappearance of a learned response after extinction has occurred is called
________________________ is a law
stating that if a response is followed by a pleasurable consequence, it will tend to be repeated,
and if followed by an unpleasant consequence, it will tend not to be repeated.
Thorndike's Law of Effect
Any behavior that is voluntary is called
The reinforcement of a response by the addition or experiencing of a pleasurable stimulus is
The reinforcement of a response by the removal, escape from, or avoidance of an unpleasant
stimulus is called
The reinforcement of simple steps in a behavior that lead to a desired, more complex behavior is
The reinforcement of each and every correct response is called
Any event or object that, when following a response, makes that response less likely to happen
again is said to be
_________________ is tendency for an animal's behavior to revert
to genetically controlled patterns.
The use of operant conditioning techniques to bring about desired changes in behavior is called
__________________________________ the tendency to fail to act to escape from a
situation because of a history of repeated failures in the past.
Learning new behavior by watching a model perform that behavior is known as
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