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33 terms

Islam Terms

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Koran
The holy book.
Contains words of Muhammad (Messages from Allah/God)
Written by followers
Miraj
Night ride
Muhammad visits heaven from Ka'aba
Woken by Gabriel
Meets Jesus and Abraham
Goes to Jerusalem
Hegira
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
Khadija
Muhammad's wife; a wealthy widow who ran a prosperous caravan business
Abu Talib
Muhammad's uncle
Raised Muhammad
Abu Bakr
One of first converts
Muhammad's companion to Medina
Ka'aba
Black center piece/House of worship
Once pure white stone in temple originally built by angels for God
Washed away by sands of time
Found again by Abraham -- makes temple to atone for what he did to Hagar
In Mecca
Mosque
Place of worship
Call to Prayer
Arabic
Language of Islam
Holy language
Language Koran is written in
Jihad
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
5 Pillars
Duties:
Shahada -- Faith
Salat -- Prayer
Zakat -- Alms
Hajj -- Pilgrimage to Mecca
Sawn -- Fasting
Sharia
Islamic law
Required tolerance of people of the book
Makes religion part of daily life
"People of the book"
Jews, Christians, Muslims.
All use a version of the holy book, Koran, Gospel, Torah, containing words of God
Monotheistic
All have judgement day
All believe the other has gotten something wrong
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Successors after Muhammad
Closest to Muhammad
Used Koran/Muhammad's actions as guides
Caliphate
Convivencia
Term meaning living together/coexistance that reflects the fact that Muslim, Christinan, and Jewish communities lived together in Islamic Spain.
Abbasid
Rebel Group after Umayyads
750-1258
Ummayad
Dynasty after RG Caliphs
Sunni
'Followers of Muhammads Example"
Did not OUTWARDLY resis Umayyads
Shi'a
Resisted Ummayads
Made alternate caliph system
Thought relative of M must rule
"Party of Ali"
Abd Al Rahman
only survivor of the abbasid raid, he crossed the arabian peninsula into spain and was accpeted into Cordoba as unquestioned leader. He is leader of the islamic empire of spain
Al Andalus
City in spain
Reconquista
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.
1492
columbus arrives in the americas/ Reconquista of Spain
Battle of Tours
The 732 battle that halted the advance of Muslim armies into Europe at a point in northern France
Muslims didn't really care
Sufi
Reacted to Umayyads rule with life of poverty -> following religious path
Like Buddhist monks
Became active missionaries
Mecca
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
Medina
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
Call to Prayer
5x a day
Towards Mecca
Salat/Prayer
Shahada
Testimony of Faith
'No god but Allah and Muhammad his prophet'
Salat
Prayer
Zakat
Alms
Responsibility to support the less fortunate
Religious tax
Giving what you can to help others
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Raises social status
Sawn
Fasting
God more powerful thus more important than wordily desires