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24 terms

chapter 14 burke key terms

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acute respiratory distress syndrome
a severe form of respiratory failure due to acute damage of the alveoli
anaphylactic shock
shock caused by a severe allergic reaction
autotransfusion
process in which the clients own blood is collected and reinfused
brain death criteria
clinical criteria for determining when client is dead
cardiogenic shock
impaired tissue perfusion caused by pumping failure of the heart
disseminated intravascular coagulation (dic)
condition characterized by abnormal clotting and bleeding
heat stroke
life threatening condition in which the body cannot cool itself
hypovolemic shock
shock caused by a decrease in intravascular volume
icu psychosis
acute confusion after 2 to 3 days in the intensive care unit
ischemia
decreased blood flow to body's tissue or organ
multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
irreversible complication of shock in which the body's system fail
neurogenic shock
shock caused by an interruption to the sympathetic nervous system
pneumatic antishock garment
inflatable garment applied to trauma victims in the prehospital setting to raise blood pressure
positive inotropic drugs
group of drugs use to increase cardiac output
relative hypovolemia
hypovolemia resulting from shift of fluids from the intravascular space to the interstitial space
renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
blood pressure regulation system activated when there is reduced blood flow to the kidneys
septic shock
shock caused by overwhelming infection
septicemia
presence of bacteria in blood
shock
life threatening condition characterized by inadequate blood flow to organs tissues and cells
shunt
movement of fluids from one are to another
toxic shock syndrome
form of septic shock cause by staphylococcus aureus
triage
system used to identify who will recieve medical sttention first
type and cross match
test to determine donor and recipient ABO types and RH groups and their compatability with one another
vasopressor drugs
drugs used to increase the blood pressure