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Terms in this set (51)
united all of the Franks
came up with the idea of feudalism
Feudalism is a system of ___ and ____
It is estimated that ____ people died of plague in Western Europe between 1347 and 1351
Between the years 1300 and 1450, due to the combined effects of plague, famine and welfare, the total population of Europe declined by about ___ to ____ of its original numbers
1/2 to 2/3
there were 3 important and long-lasting effects of the radical depopulation of Europe. These were __1___ __2____ ___3___
decline in feudalism
expansion of manufacturing
importance of towns and cities
In the year ______, Itailian traders returning to Genoa, from an outpost called Caffa on the Black Sea, brought more than trade goods to Europe. What else did they bring?
1347 infected men and rats
Under the manorial system of agriculture, peasant laborers called _____ worked the fields for the wealthy masters, in exchange for protection and a share of the crops they raised
During plague times, religious extremists called _____ _____ traveled from town to town, preaching and publicly whipping one another
Fasting and making pilgrimages to holy shines are called Acts of _____ and were commonplace activities in plague times. Such acts of religious devotion were believed to help purify the soul of its sins.
Throughout history, people experiencing extreme hardships have often searched for someone to blame for their difficulties. During plague years, ___ were often blamed for the spread of the disease.
Today, the plague is not the menace it was during the Middle Ages because it can be treated with _____
Before, during, and after the plague years, a war called the ___ ____ ____ raged between ____ and _____
hundred year war, england and france
to exclude a person from church membership
an agreement between the pope and the ruler
of a country
political system based on bonds of loyalty between lords and vassals
When were the middle ages in europe?
500 to 1500
What are the the sections of the middle ages
Early, HIgh, and Late
the term middles ages comes from the term__
when was Gregory VII elected pope?
who forbide kings from apoointing high-ranking Church officials
what holy roman emperor refused to obey Gregory VII
a new emperor and a new pope made an agreement called the Concordat of ____
this agreed that only the popes could choose bishops, and only the emperor could give them jobs in government.
concordat of worms
what are the duties of monks
educate people, provide food to travelers, helped care for the sick
They were also important in preserving knowledge. They made copies of important works, such as the Bible. who are they?
The Catholic Church tried to end _____, or religious beliefs that conflict with Church teachings, by establishing a court called the ____.
was a noble who served a lord of a higher rank
Fiefs were called ___
lords ruled ____
____ farmed the land
Most peasants were _____, which meant they could not leave the manor, own property, or marry without the lord's approval.
who united the anglo-saxon kingdom and drove the viking invaders out
Alfred the Great
This kingdom became "Angleland," or ____.
Richand the first was called
Richard the Lion-Hearted
who became king of england
_____ proved to be an ineffective ruler, however, because he spent most of his time away from England fighting in the _____.
Richard I, Crusades
This agreement is called the Magna ____
In this document, King John granted a list of rights to the nobles, thereby limiting royal power.
Ferdinand and Isabella viewed Muslims and Jews in Spain as a threat. They took part in the Inquisition. This became known as the ____ Inquisition.
Ivan IV was the first to rule all of ____ he became known as the _____
Pope ___` II asked European leaders to capture Jerusalem and free the homeland of Jesus from the Muslims.
___ crusade ended in a truce
____ more crusades were staged, but they achieved little. Muslims gradually regained the territory lost in the First Crusade.
Architecture of the Middle Ages reflected the importance of religion. People built large churches, called cathedrals. Two popular architectural styles of that time are called ____ and Gothic.
Latin was the language of educated people in Europe during the Middle Ages. Everyday languages of local people were called ___.
when was the 100 year war
French peasant girl fought with the French army during the Hundred Years' War. The English captured Joan and had her tried by the Inquisition. She was burned at the stake in 1431. She became known as Joan of ____.
The French finally ____ the English in ____.
The ____ also called the Norsemen were Scandinavian sailors who raided wide areas of Europe during the Middle Ages.
Vikings used ships called ____ and mount raids along coastal villages in Europe.
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