wash, apply ice, immobolize, call 911, if pit viper you need antivenin.
jellyfish sting care
soak in vinegar, alcohol, or baking soda paste (with water).
stingray sting care
immobolize, soak in warm water until pain is gone, call 911 if severe.
tetanus signs and symptoms
irritability, headache, fever, painful muscle spasms, symptons occur 3 to 5 days after bites/cuts. call 911.
head, neck, back injuries causes
fall from heigh greater than own, motor vehicle accidents, blunt forces, violence, lightning.
head injury symptoms
change in level of consciousness, pain, pressure, tingling sensation, partial/complete paralysis, blood from ears/nose, seizures, vomitting, nausea, impaired vision, headache, loss of balance, bruising around head/eyes.
inline stabilization warnings
never use if head is severely angled, victim has pain, pressure, or muscle spasms, there is resistance when attempting to move head!
spine parts from top to bottom
cervic, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx.
eye injury general care
keep on back, do not remove any embedded objects, apply dressing around object, stabilize object with cup, call 911.
common ear injuries
soft tissue damage, eardrums, loss of hearing.
ear injury general care
do NOT apply direct pressure, cover lightly, call 911.
scalp injury care
control bleeding with direct pressure, DO NOT apply direct pressure if skull feels spongy (indicates skull fracture).
check injury care
if bleeding inside of the mouth place dressings on inside and apply direct pressure, remove any embedded objects ONLY if impairs breathing, pull object in same direction it entered, apply pressure outside of mouth, sit and lean victim forward.
force to head, causes temporary impairment of brain, may lose consciousness, memory, have severe headaches.
rest, medical help - could be severe!
nose injury care
sit victim with head forward, pinch nose, apply ice, call 911 if caused by high blood pressure (bleeding).
chest injury signs and symptoms
breathing difficulty, severe pain, obvious deformity, bruising, discoloration of skin, coughing up blood.
chest injury general care
posistion in comfortable way to aid breathing, if ribs are broken bind arm to injured side.
sucking chest wound care
apply occlusive dressing, treat other life threatening injuries, keep one corner of dressing open.
abdominal injury signs and symptoms
severe pain, external bleeding, nausea, vomitting, bruising, pale ashen moist skin, weakness, thirst, rigid abdomen, organs protruding from abs.
abdominal injury general care
lie victim on back, bend knees to reduce pain, call 911, control bleeding.
pelvis injury signs and symptons
protruding organs, pain, bruising, bleeding, severed body parts... same care as abdominal injuries.
blankets, towels, pillows, slings.
boards, metal strips, folded magazines.
refers to the use of the body like arms, legs.
traction with pulleys and weights.
slings and cravats
triangular bandages used to support arms, forearms, dressings, and bandaids.
splinting key things
support injured thing in posistion you found it, cover open wounds, check area above and below color/warmth/feeling, apply splint above and below, sling into place not directly over injury, check fingers/toes for circulation, elevate if possible, rest, apply ice, prevent shock.
forearm, phalanges, carpals, metacarpals.
clavicle, scalpula, humerous, sprains, fractures, dislocation of shoulder.
shoulder injury general care
control bleeding, support in comfortable posistion, if away from body use pillow to support under arm, create sling splint, ice, call 911 if broken.
humerous, radius, ulna, fractures.
arm injury general care
immobolize from shoulder to elbow, control bleeding, sling, if elbow injured DO NOT MOVE, call 911 if you can't find pulse.
disruption of blood flow to brain that can cause death or serious brain damage by a clotted artery.
stroke signs and symptoms
altered level of consciousness, look/feels ill, sudden weakness, numbness, difficulty speaking or being understood, blurred vision, unequal pupils, severe headache, ringing in ears, drooling, loss of bladder control.
stroke general care
call 911 fast, monitor abc's, clear fluids from mouth, reassure and comfort, don't give food.
2 types of strokes
transit ischimic attack and cerebreal vascular accident.
List ways to prevent a stroke
control blood pressure, diet, do not smoke, exercise regularly, control diabetes.
the pancreas doesn't produce unsulin that helps with glucose buildup.
diabetes type 1
juvenile diabetes, insulin dependent diabetes where the body produces little or no insulin. must inject insulin into the body.
diabetes type 2
adult onset diabetes, noninsulin dependent, body produces insulin but no enough, is more common, can be controlled by diet.
hypo is when the insulin level is too high and sugar level is too low, hyperglycemia is too low and sugar is too high.