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internal organs of the abdoment that maintain a characteristic shape (liver, pancreas, spleen, adrenal glands, kidneys, ovaries, and uterus)
internal organs of the abdomen that shape depends on contents (stomach, gallbladder, small intestine, colon, and bladder), usually not palpable
Right upper quadrant
contains liver, gallbladder, duodenum, head of pancreas, right kidney and adrenal, hepatic flexure of colon, part of ascending colon, transverse colon
right lower quadrant
contains cecum, appendix, right ovary and tube, right ureter, right sprermatic cord
left lower quadrant
contains part of descending colon, sigmoid colon, left ovary and tube, left ureter, left spermatic cord
left upper quadrant
contains stomach, spleen, left lobe of liver, body of pancreas, left kidney and adrenal, splenic flexure of colon, part of transverse and descending colon
Parietal Abdominal pain
pain from inflammation of overlying peritoneum; sharp, precisely localized, aggravated by movement
silery white, linear, jagged marks about 1cm to 6cm long; occur when elastic fibers in the reticular layer of the skin are broken after rapid or prolonged stretching
bowel sounds are loud, high pitched, rushing, tinkling sounds that signal increased motility
inspiratoy arrest; person feels sharp pain and abruptly stops inspiration midway when palpating liver
soft, skin covered mass, whcih is the protrusion of the omentum or intestine through a weakness or incomplete closure in the umbilical ring; more common in black, Chinese, and premature infants, most resolve spontaneously by 1 year
Peritoneal friction rub
rough, grating sound, like two pieces of leather rubbed together, indicates peritoneal inflammation
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