38 terms

Geography Alive! Chapter 10 and 11 vocab

indigenous peoples
natives that have been conquered or dominated by others who come later.
subsistence farming
farming carried out mainly to provide food for farm families, with little surplus for sale to others
traditional culture
customs and was of life handed down from ancestors
long term lack of rain
ethnic group
people who share common physical features and a cultural identity
one room house made of wood or mud brick
slash-and-burn method
cutting and burning the forest to clear land for farming
migrant workers
workers that move from place to place to find work
A change in a way of life to suit new conditions
A large area with a particular kind of scenery
Conducting trade by exchanging goods or services instead of money
A large farm especially in hot areas
A set of actions performed as part of a ceremony.
El Nino
A warm ocean current that flows off the west coast of South America every few years. Can cause extreme weather.
Extreme Weather
Severe or unusual weather conditions:hurricanes, tornadoes, or blizzards.
The scientific study of climate and weather patterns
Natural Disaster
Great destruction or loss of life caused by natural forces rather than human actions.
Tropical Cyclone
A severe storm with high winds that spiral around a calm center.
Hurricanes, Typhoons and Cyclones are examples of ___________?
Tropical Cyclones
The calm area at the center of a hurricane or other tropical cyclone.
Eye Wall
The ring of thunderstorms that surrounds the eye.
A band of dense clouds that swirls around the eye wall of the hurricane.
Tropical Disturbance
A cluster of thunderstorms near the equator that moves with the prevailing winds.
Tropical Depression
A storm near the equator with winds moving in a circle at speeds up to 38 miles per hour
Storm surge
A wall of water that is pushes ashore by a storm
The systems that keep an area free of filth and germs that can cause disease.
Solid and liquid waste from homes and buildings that is carried away by sewers and drains.
the layer of air that surrounds earth
The movement, or transfer, of heat through a gas or liquid
the steady movement of air or water due to convection
to loose heat and change from vapor or gas into a liquid
A violent spinning wind storm that appears as a funnel shaped cloud.
In an area defined by 1 or more natural or cultural characteristics that sets it apart from others.
Tropical Zone
The area between the equator and the tropic of cancer and Capricorn where it is hot.
Cash Crops
A crop that is grown to be sold rather than to be consumed by the farmers and their families.
Travel for pleasure rather than business or necessity.
Prevailing Winds
Winds that usually blow in a certain direction.
Safer-Simpson Scale
It rates hurricanes on a scale from 1-5 to measure how powerful it is.