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54 terms

english vocab unit 5 with syn, ant, pos, pronunciation-----read description

the syllable with the most emphasis will be capitalized ONLY in the definitions NOT in the syn/ant the words with one syllable (filch, flout, scourge) have the emphasis on the entire word because there is only one syllable to emphasize.
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AMnesty
(n) a general pardon for an offense against a government
in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
auTONomy
(n) self-government, political control
autonomy
syn: home rule
autonomy
ant: dependence, subjection, colonial status
axioMATic
(adj) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule
axiomatic
syn: taken for granted
axiomatic
ant: questionable, dubious, controversial
BLAZon
(v) to adorn or embellish
to display conspicuously
to publish or proclaim widely
blazon
syn: broadcast, trumpet
blazon
ant: hide, conceal, cover up, bury
CAVeat
(n) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
caveat
syn: admonition, word to the wise
EQUitable
(adj) fair, just, embodying principles of justice
equitable
syn: right, reasonable, evenhanded
equitable
ant: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate
EXtricate
(v) to free from entanglements or difficulties
to remove with effort
extricate
syn: disentangle, extract, disengage
extricate
ant: enmesh, entangle, involve
FILCH
(v) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
filch
syn: pilfer, purloin, swipe
FLOUT
(v) to mock, treat with contempt
flout
syn: scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn
flout
ant: obey, honor, revere, uphold
FRACtious
(adj) tending to be troublesome
unruly, quarrelsome, contrary
unpredictable
fractious
syn: refractory, recalcitrant, peevish
fractious
ant: docile, tractable, cooperative
PREcept
(n) a rule of conduct or action
precept
syn: principle, maxim
SALutary
(adj) beneficial, helpful
healthful, wholesome
salutary
syn: salubrious, curative
salutary
ant: detrimental, deleterious, pernicious
SCAthing
(adj) bitterly severe, withering
causing great harm
scathing
syn: searing, harsh, ferocious, savage
scathing
ant: bland, mild
SCOURGE
(v) to whip, punish severely
(n) a cause of affliction or suffering
a source of severe punishment or criticism
scourge
syn: (v) flog, beat
(n) bane, plague, pestilence
scourge
ant: (n) godsend, boon, blessing
sePULchral
(adj) funereal, typical of the tomb
extremely gloomy or dismal
sepulchral
syn: doleful, lugubrious, mortuary
sopoRIFic
(adj) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy
(n) something that induces sleep
soporific
syn: (n) narcotic, anesthetic
soporific
ant: (adj) stimulating
(n) stimulant, stimulus
STRAITlaced
(adj) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct
prudish, puritanical
straitlaced
syn: highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy
straitlaced
ant: lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute
TRANsient
(adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting
(n) one who stays only a short time
transient
syn: (adj) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
transient
ant: (adj) permanent, imperishable, immortal
unWIELdy
(adj) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
unwieldy
syn: cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical
unwieldy
ant: manageable, easy to handle
VAPid
(adj) dull, uninteresting, tiresome
lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
vapid
syn: insipid, lifeless, colorless
vapid
ant: zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively