Terms in this set (15)
An informal group of advisers to whom the president turns for counsel and guidance.
A system of government employment based on rewarding loyal party members and personal friends.
Black Hawk War
Members of the Sauk and Fox tribes who resisted the forced eviction of their lands under the Indian Removal Act; they were bloodily crushed in 1832 by American troops including Abraham Lincoln.
Chief Justice; ruled in favor of the Cherokee and ordered state officials to honor Cherokee property rights.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
A court decision that stated that although they were not citizens, Indian tribes are under the jurisdiction of the United States, and could only give up their lands voluntarily.
Peggy Eaton Affair
A social scandal where many wealthy cabinet member's wives snubbed the socially unacceptable Peggy Eaton, wife of John Eaton. Jackson sided with the Eatons, and the affair helped to dissolve the cabinet and VP Calhoun resigned.
Indian Removal Act
Signed by President Andrew Jackson, the law permitted the negotiation of treaties to obtain the Indians' lands in exchange for their relocation to what would become Oklahoma.
Trail of Tears
Native tribes east of the Mississippi River were forced to leave their lands. Thousands died along the way. Most tribes were settled in the "Indian Territory," present-day Oklahoma.
John C. Calhoun
He resigned the vice presidency after his wife became embroiled in the Peggy Eaton affair. He lead the fight against protective tariffs which hurt the south economically. He championed the doctrine of nullification which said that a state could decide if a law was constitutional. This situation became known as the Nullification Crisis.
Southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government if they believed a law was unconstitutional. Therefore, federal protective tariffs were null and void. South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union if the tariffs were enforced.
Second Bank of the United States
Jackson fought against this institution throughout his presidency, proclaiming it to be an unconstitutional extension of the federal government and a tool that rich capitalists used to corrupt American society.
When no candidate received a majority of electoral votes, It is commonly thought that he convinced congress to vote for John Quincy Adams over Jackson during the election of 1824. He also negotiated a deal in Congress to lower the tariffs that touched off nullification crisis.
Cherokee leader who developed the alphabet for the Cherokee language.
Refers to the presidential election of 1824 in which Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, convinced the House of Representatives to elect Adams rather than Jackson.
Formerly the "Indian Territory," final destination for many on the Trail of Tears.