16 terms

complementary events

The events of one outcome happening and that outcome not happening.

compound event

An event consisting of two ore more simple events.

dependent events

Two or more events in which the outcome of one event affects the outcome of the other events.

experimental probability

An estimated probability based on the relative frequency of positive outcomes occurring during an experiment.

fundamental counting principle

Uses multiplication of the number of ways each event in an experiment can occur to find the number of possible outcomes in a sample space.

independent events

Two or more events in which the outcomes of one event does not affect the outcomes of the other event.

outcome

Any one of the possible results of an action.

permutation

An arrangement, or listing, of objects in which order is important.

probability

The ratio of the number of favorable outcomes to the number of possible outcomes.

random

Outcomes that occur by chance.

sample space

The set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.

simple event

One outcome or a collection of outcomes.

simulation

A mathematical experiment that approximates a real-world process.

theoretical probability

The ratio of the number of ways an event can occur to the number of possible outcomes.

tree diagram

A diagram used to show the sample space.

uniform probability model

A probability model that assigns equal probability to all outcomes.